Journal of Statistical Physics

, Volume 34, Issue 5–6, pp 863–870 | Cite as

The Ising model in a random magnetic field

  • Daniel S. Fisher
  • Jürg Fröhlich
  • Thomas Spencer


The existence of a spontaneous magnetization in the three-dimensional Ising model in a weak random magnetic field (RFIM) is investgated. Following Imry and Ma, we consider the energy change, ΔEγ, from the fully aligned ferromagnetic state caused by flipping all the spins inside a connected surface, γ. It is proved rigorously that with high probability, ΔEγ is positive forall γ enclosing the origin. Under the unproven assumption that the expectation value of the spin at one site is weakly correlated with the random fields at far away sites (which is true if surfaces within surfaces can be ignored) it follows that the three-dimensional RFIM has a spontaneous magnetization at low temperatures. The proof works for all dimensions greater than two, providing support for the conjecture that two is the lower critical dimension.

Key words

Domain wall ferromagnetic order random field 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel S. Fisher
    • 1
  • Jürg Fröhlich
    • 2
  • Thomas Spencer
    • 3
  1. 1.Bell LaboratoriesMurray Hill
  2. 2.Theoretical PhysicsETH-HönggerbergZurichSwitzerland
  3. 3.Courant InstituteNew York UniversityNew York

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