Biofeedback and Self-regulation

, Volume 6, Issue 4, pp 565–572 | Cite as

Using biofeedback to reduce left arm extensor EMG of string players during musical performance

  • Robert L. Morasky
  • Creech Reynolds
  • George Clarke
Original Articles


Electromyographic (EMG) feedback offers a mechanism for helping musicians reduce specific muscle tension during performance. Nine intermediate to advanced level string players participated in a four-session, pretest/posttest design study to determine (1) if left forearm extensor EMG could be reduced using biofeedback, (2) if reductions in EMG would generalize to a no-feedback condition, and (3) if reductions in EMG would generalize from extensors to flexors. Results indicate that biofeedback did facilitate significant decreases in EMG, that the reductions in EMG did generalize to a no-feedback condition, and that generalization from extensors to flexors did not occur.


Health Psychology Muscle Tension Specific Muscle Advanced Level Biological Psychology 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert L. Morasky
    • 1
  • Creech Reynolds
    • 1
  • George Clarke
    • 1
  1. 1.Montana State UniversityUSA

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