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Journal of World Prehistory

, Volume 3, Issue 1, pp 71–116 | Cite as

The Stone Age of northern Scandinavia: A review

  • Signe E. Nygaard
Article

Abstract

Throughout most of the Stone Age, which covers the time period between ca. 10,000 and ca. 3500 B.P., the majority of groups in northern Scandinavia was hunter-fishers with a strong orientation toward the coastal environments. Three areas, southwestern and northern Norway and northern Sweden, have been singled out for more detailed discussions of the social and cultural developments in different types of marine environments. Differences can be discerned between the societies in the southern and those in the northern regions, as the northern groups seem to have developed more complex social and cultural systems than in the south. These differences have been related partly to a greater emphasis on maritime sea hunting in the north. Agriculture was introduced twice. The first time, in the early Neolithic, agriculture was tried but apparently did not manage to compete with better-adapted local hunting-fishing practices. The second time, in the late middle Neolithic, agriculture resulted in drastic social, economic, and cultural changes.

Key words

North Scandinavia Mesolithic Neolithic marine adaptations 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Signe E. Nygaard
    • 1
  1. 1.Historisk MuseumUniversity of BergenBergenNorway

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