Advertisement

Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 7, Issue 2, pp 465–480 | Cite as

Sexually dimorphic setiferous sex patch in the male red flour beetle,Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae): Site of aggregation pheromone production

  • D. L. Faustini
  • W. E. Burkholder
  • R. J. Laub
Article

Abstract

Evidence for the existence of a male-produced aggregation pheromone secreted from the prothoracic femoral setiferous sex patch ofTribolium castaneum is reported. Both sexes were attracted toca. 60 ng of crude secretion. Males and females perceive the pheromone on the day of emergence while perception differs between the sexes: male response reaches a maximum on day 1 posteclosion, when tested at <1, 1, and 30 days; females show a maximum response at 30 days posteclosion. Behavioral responses to pheromone odors and a complex Chromatographic profile are reported.

Key words

Sexual dimorphism Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) Coleoptera Tenebrionidae aggregation pheromone behavior bioassay red flour beetle 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abdel-Kader, M.M., andBarak, A.V. 1979. Evidence for a sex pheromone in the hide beetle,Dermestes maculatus (DeGeer) (Coleoptera: Dermestidae).J. Chem. Ecol. 5(5):805–813.Google Scholar
  2. Alexander, P., andBarton, D.H.R. 1943. The excretion of ethylquinone by the flour beetle.Biochem. J. 37:463–465.Google Scholar
  3. Baker, J.E., Sukkestad, D.R., andWoo, S.M. 1978. Cuticular hydrocarbons ofTribolium castaneum: effects of the food additive tricalcium phosphate.Insect Biochem. 8:159–167.Google Scholar
  4. Barak, A.V., andBurkholder, W.E. 1977. Behavior and pheromone studies withAttagenus elongatulus Casey (Coleoptera: Dermestidae).J. Chem. Ecol. 3(2):219–237.Google Scholar
  5. Barratt, B.I.P. 1974. Timing of production of a sex pheromone by females ofStegobium paniceum (L.) (Coleoptera: Anobiidae), and factors affecting male response.Bull. Entomol. Res. 64:621–628.Google Scholar
  6. Burkholder, W.E. 1970. Pheromone research with stored product Coleoptera. p. 345,in D. L. Wood, R. M. Silverstein, and M. Nakajima, (eds.). Control of Insect Behavior by Natural Products. Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  7. Burkholder, W.E., andDicke, R.J. 1966. Evidence of sex pheromones in females of several species of Dermestidae.J. Econ. Entomol. 59(3):540–573.Google Scholar
  8. Dawson, P.S. 1964. Age at sexual maturity in female flour beetles,Tribolium castaneum andT. confusum.Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 57:1–3.Google Scholar
  9. Faustini, D.L. 1981. The ultrastructure of a sexual dimorphic character in maleTribolium castaneum (Herbst) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae).Tribolium Inf. Bull. In press.Google Scholar
  10. Good, N.E. 1936. The flour beetles of the genusTribolium.U.S. Dept. of Agricul. Tech. Bull. 498:1–58.Google Scholar
  11. Happ, G.M. 1968. Quinone and hydrocarbon production in the defense glands ofEleodes longicollis andTribolium castaneum (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae).J. Insect Physiol. 14:1821–1837.Google Scholar
  12. Hinton, H.E. 1942. Secondary sexual characters ofTribolium.Nature 149:500.Google Scholar
  13. Ho, F. 1969. Identification of pupae of six species ofTribolium.Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 62:1232–1237.Google Scholar
  14. Keville, R., andKannowski, P.B. 1975. Sexual excitation by pheromones of the confused flour beetle.J. Insect Physiol. 21:81–84.Google Scholar
  15. Kuwahara, Y., Fukami, H., Howard, R., Ishii, S., Matsumura, F., andBurkholder, W.E. 1978. Chemical studies on the Anobiidae: Sex pheromone of the drugstore beetle,Stegobium paniceum (L.) (Coleoptera).Tetrahedron 34:1769–1774.Google Scholar
  16. Loconti, J.D., andRoth, L.M. 1953. Composition of the odorous secretion ofTribolium castaneum.Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 46:281–289.Google Scholar
  17. Markarian, H., Florentine, G.J., andPratt, J.J., Jr. 1978. Quinone production of some species ofTribolium.J. Insect Physiol. 24:785–790.Google Scholar
  18. O'Ceallachain, D.P., andRyan, M.F. 1977. Production and perception of pheromones by the beetleTribolium confusum.J. Insect Physiol. 23:1303–1309.Google Scholar
  19. Roth, L.M. 1943. Studies on the gaseous secretion ofTribolium confusum Duval II. The odiferous glands ofTribolium confusum.Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 36:397–424.Google Scholar
  20. Ryan, M.F., andO'Ceallachain, D.P. 1976. Aggregation and sex pheromones in the beetleTribolium confusum.J. Insect. Physiol. 22:1501–1503.Google Scholar
  21. Shorey, H.H. 1974. Environmental and physiological control of insect sex pheromone behavior. pp. 62–80,in M.C. Birch (ed.). Pheromones. North Holland, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  22. Sokoloff, A. 1972. The Biology ofTribolium with Special Emphasis on Genetic Aspects, Vol. 1. Oxford at the Clarendon Press, Oxford, England. 300 pp.Google Scholar
  23. Sokoloff, A. 1974. The Biology of Tribolium, Vol. 4, Oxford University Press, New York. 610 pp.Google Scholar
  24. Stuart, A.M. 1964. The structure and function of the sternal gland inZootermopsis nevadensis (Isoptera).Proc. Zool. Soc. London 143:43.Google Scholar
  25. Stuart, A.M., andSatir, P. 1968. Morphological and functional aspects of an insect epidermal gland.J. Cell Biol. 36:527–549.Google Scholar
  26. Suzuki, T., andSugawara, R. 1979. Isolation of an aggregation pheromone from the flour beetles,Tribolium castaneum andT. confusum (Coleoptera:Tenebrionidae).Appl. Entomol Zool. 14(2):228–230.Google Scholar
  27. Suzuki, T., Suzuki, T., Huynh, H.M., andMuto, T. 1975. Hydrocarbon repellents isolated fromTribolium castaneum andT. confusum (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae).Agr. Biol. Chem. 39(11):2207–2211.Google Scholar
  28. Tumlinson, J.H., andHeath, R.R. 1976. Structure elucidation of insect pheromones by microanalytical methods.J. Chem. Ecol. 2(1):87–99.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. L. Faustini
    • 1
  • W. E. Burkholder
    • 3
  • R. J. Laub
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of EntomologyThe Ohio State UniversityColumbus
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryThe Ohio State UniversityColumbus
  3. 3.Stored Product and Household Insect Laboratory, USDA, SEA, Department of EntomologyUniversity of WisconsinMadison

Personalised recommendations