Motivation and Emotion

, Volume 16, Issue 2, pp 79–101 | Cite as

Self-esteem, evaluative feedback, and preacquaintance attraction: Indirect reactions to success and failure

  • Rick H. Hoyle
  • Chester A. Insko
  • Andrew J. Moniz


Two experiments were conducted to investigate the indirect reactions of high-and low-self-esteem persons to evaluative feedback. Indirect reactions are defined as reactions to evaluative feedback directed toward individuals or mechanisms not associated with the feedback. In each experiment, a sample of college students divided according to level of dispositional self-esteem was provided with feedback on a bogus test of social intelligence. Subjects were informed that each of them had been paired randomly with another person in the session and would interact with that person later in the session. Prior to meeting the individual with whom each ostensibly had been paired, subjects indicated their evaluation of and attraction to those persons. In both experiments a cross-over pattern emerged due to greater attraction following success vs. failure feedback among low-self-esteem subjects and greater attraction following failure vs. success feedback among high-self-esteem subjects. This finding indicates an important new class of reactions to evaluative feedback, indirect reactions, that extends beyond the immediate context in which the feedback is received.


College Student Social Psychology Social Intelligence Great Attraction Evaluative Feedback 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rick H. Hoyle
    • 1
  • Chester A. Insko
    • 2
  • Andrew J. Moniz
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Psychology, 208 Kastle HallUniversity of KentuckyLexington
  2. 2.University of North Carolina at Chapel HillUSA
  3. 3.University of KentuckyUSA

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