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Motivation and Emotion

, Volume 17, Issue 1, pp 1–21 | Cite as

Does humor facilitate coping with physical discomfort?

  • Dolf Zillmann
  • Steve Rockwell
  • Karla Schweitzer
  • S. Shyam Sundar
Article

Abstract

The mediation of superior coping with physical discomfort after humorous stimulation was explored through respondents' exposure to materials varying markedly in their capacity to evoke amusement and joviality. Both male and female respondents were exposed to (a) stand-up comedy, (b) situation comedy, (c) serious drama, (d) instructional material, or (e) tragedy. Discomfort threshold for cuff pressure at the upper arm was ascertained prior to and following exposure. Cognitive and affective responses to the materials were recorded after the postexposure threshold measurement. Compared against exposure to instructional material in the control condition, and compared against pre-exposure threshold measures, exposure to either type of comedy and, unexpectedly, to tragedy significantly elevated the threshold for physical discomfort in both male and female respondents. Serious drama had no such effect. Taken together, the exposure effects on the discomfort threshold could not be attributed to amusement reactions. Nor could they be considered mediated by responses of positive hedonic quality during and after exposure. There was some indication, however, that the capacity of stimuli to evoke humorous reactions (material being deemed funny) and the absorption potential of stimuli (material being deemed captivating) were positively involved in the mediation of postexposure tolerance of physical discomfort.

Keywords

Social Psychology Cuff Pressure Affective Response Instructional Material Female Respondent 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dolf Zillmann
    • 1
  • Steve Rockwell
  • Karla Schweitzer
  • S. Shyam Sundar
  1. 1.University of AlabamaTuscaloosa

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