Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 19, Issue 2, pp 279–290 | Cite as

The dufour gland and the secretion placed on eggs of two species of social wasps,Liostenogaster flavolineata andParischnogaster jacobsoni (vespidae: Stenogastrinae)

  • Sarah J. Keegans
  • E. David Morgan
  • Stefano Turillazzi
  • Brian D. Jackson
  • Johan Billen


The secretion placed on eggs and fed to larvae and the “ant guard” placed on the nest stalk ofParischnogaster jacobsoni contain the same hydrocarbons and in approximately the same proportions as is found in the Dufour gland. The secretion on eggs is a mixture of the contents of the Dufour gland and nectar. The emulsifying agent is a palmitic acid salt. Similarly, inLiostenogaster flavolineata, the egg secretion is an emulsion of nectar and Dufour gland secretion, which contains alkoxyethanol emulsifiers, found in nature for the first time.

Key Words

Hymenoptera Vespidae Stenogastrinae Dufour gland Larval food egg secretion ant guard emulsifier eicosyloxyethanol hydrocarbons 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sarah J. Keegans
    • 1
  • E. David Morgan
    • 1
  • Stefano Turillazzi
    • 2
  • Brian D. Jackson
    • 1
  • Johan Billen
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of KeeleStaffordshireEngland
  2. 2.Dipartimento di Biologia animale e geneticaUniversità di Firenze and Centro Studio per la Faunistica ed Ecologia Tropicali del C. N. R.FirenzeItaly
  3. 3.Zoölogisch Instituut K. U. LeuvenLeuvenBelgium

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