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Motivation and Emotion

, Volume 13, Issue 2, pp 143–157 | Cite as

American-Japanese cultural differences in intensity ratings of facial expressions of emotion

  • David Matsumoto
  • Paul Ekman
Article

Abstract

Findings from a recent study by Ekmanet al. (1987) provided evidence for cultural disagreement about the intensity ratings of universal facial expressions of emotion. We conducted a study that examined the basis of these cultural differences. Japanese and American subjects made two separate intensity ratings of Japanese and Caucacian posers portraying anger, disgust, fear, happiness, sadness, and surprise. The Americans had higher mean intensity ratings than the Japanese for all emotions except disgust, regardless of the culture or gender of the poser. Americans gave happy and angry photos the highest intensity ratings, while Japanese gave disgust photos the highest ratings. But there was considerable cross-cultural consistency in the relative differences among photos.

Keywords

High Intensity Social Psychology Facial Expression Relative Difference Cultural Difference 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Matsumoto
    • 1
  • Paul Ekman
    • 2
  1. 1.Wright InstituteUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologySan Francisco State UniversitySan Francisco

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