Biogeochemistry

, Volume 47, Issue 3, pp 239–267 | Cite as

The effect of permafrost on stream biogeochemistry: A case study of two streams in the Alaskan (U.S.A.) taiga

  • Robert MacLean
  • Mark W. Oswood
  • John G. IronsIII
  • William H. McDowell
Article

Abstract

Understanding interactions between permanently frozen soils and stream chemistry is important in predicting the effects of management, natural disturbance and changing permafrost distribution on stream ecosystems and nutrient budgets in subarctic watersheds. Chemical measurements of groundwater, soil water and stream water were made in two watersheds in the taiga of interior Alaska. One watershed (HiP) had extensive permafrost and the other (LoP) had limited permafrost. Soil water collected within the rooting zone (0.3–0.5 m) in both watersheds was high in dissolved organic carbon (DOC), dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) and dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) but low in dissolved minerals (dominantly Ca, Mg and Na) and conductivity. The reverse was true for groundwater from springs and wells. Permafrost in the HiP basin prevented deep percolation of water and generated stormflows rich in DOC. The presence of permafrost in HiP resulted in higher fluxes of DOC, DON and DIN into stream water from upland soils.

Key words

Alaska biogeochemistry permafrost streams taiga watershed 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert MacLean
    • 1
  • Mark W. Oswood
    • 1
  • John G. IronsIII
    • 1
  • William H. McDowell
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Biology and Wildlife and Institute of Arctic BiologyUniversity of Alaska FairbanksFairbanksUSA
  2. 2.Department of Natural ResourcesUniversity of New HampshireDurhamUSA

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