Motivation and Emotion

, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp 113–122 | Cite as

Mood induction effects upon goal setting and performance in young children

  • Harry L. HomJr.
  • Barry Arbuckle


The purpose of the present investigation was to demonstrate that goal setting varies with happy/sad mood-induced states in young children. In turn, on the basis of current Goal Setting Theory, it was predicted that goal level mediates the child's subsequent performance. Young children were assigned randomly to either happy or sad mood induction states, were asked to set their own goals, and then performed the task. In light of the findings, mood state was manipulated effectively in the children, with the following result: A happy mood state produced a significantly higher goal and superior performance than a sad mood state. However, no strong evidence was provided for the notion that goal setting mediated the impact of mood induction upon performance. The developmental implication of these findings are discussed.


Young Child Setting Theory Induction Effect Goal Setting Mood State 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harry L. HomJr.
    • 1
  • Barry Arbuckle
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologySouthwest Missouri State UniversitySpringfield
  2. 2.Arizona State UniversityUSA

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