Alarm response to venom by social waspsPolistes exclamans andP. fuscatus (Hymenoptera: Vespidae)
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The venoms ofPolistes exclamans andP. fuscatus elicit alarm behavior and attract attacking wasps. The response is not species specific, for both hetero- and conspecific venoms elicit similar responses in both species. A test in a wind tunnel provided no support for the hypothesis that alarmed wasps release an alarm pheromone on the nest.
Key wordsSocial wasp Polistes exclamans Polistes fuscatus Vespidae Hymenoptera venom alarm pheromone alarm behavior
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