Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp 17–25 | Cite as

Some chemical constituents of the secretion from the temporal gland of the African elephant (Loxodonta africana)

  • Jack Adams
  • Alexander GarciaIII
  • Christopher S. Foote


The temporal glands of African elephants were examined macroscopically and histologically, and were found to be modified apocrine sweat glands. The secretion from these glands was analyzed by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry, and some of the major volatile components have been identified as phenol andm- andp-cresol.

Key words

African elephant temporal gland phenol m- andp-cresol apocrine sweat gland Loxodonta africana 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jack Adams
    • 1
  • Alexander GarciaIII
    • 2
  • Christopher S. Foote
    • 2
  1. 1.California State UniversityDominguez Hills
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryUniversity of CaliforniaLos Angeles

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