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Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 16, Issue 9, pp 2637–2646 | Cite as

In vitro algal growth inhibition by phytotoxins ofTypha latifolia L.

  • G. Aliotta
  • M. Della Greca
  • P. Monaco
  • G. Pinto
  • A. Pollio
  • L. Previtera
Article

Abstract

The ether extract ofTypha latifolia L. inhibited the growth of some microalgae. Among the substances chromatographically isolated and characterized from the ether extract, three steroids [β-sitosterol, (20S) 24-methylenlophenol, and stigmast-4-ene-3,6-dione] and three fatty acids [α linolenic, linoleic, and an unidentified C8∶2] were found to inhibit the growth of some microalgae tested. A selective effect of these substance on blue-green algae (particularly on T 625Synechococcus leopoliensis and on T 1444Anabaena flosaquae) was observed.

Key Words

Allelopathy Typha latifolia microalgae unsaturated C18 fatty acids sitosterol (20S) 24-methylenlophenol stigmast-4-ene-3 6-dione flavonolglycosides growth inhibition algal growth phytotoxins 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Aliotta
    • 1
  • M. Della Greca
    • 2
  • P. Monaco
    • 2
  • G. Pinto
    • 1
  • A. Pollio
    • 1
  • L. Previtera
    • 2
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Biologia VegetaleNaplesItaly
  2. 2.Dipartimento di Chimica Organica e BiologicaNaples Université degli Studi Federico IINaplesItaly

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