Induction of marking behavior in wild red foxes (Vulpes vulpes L.) by synthetic urinary constituents
- 80 Downloads
A control aqueous solution containing alcohol and polyethylene glycol, and a test solution with the addition of a mixture of eight volatile synthetic compounds identified in red fox urine, Were alternately placed on man-made mounds of fresh snow during January and February, the foxes' courtship season. The foxes preferentially marked those mounds treated with the test solution in the two experimental areas (P < 0.05 and <0.0001). It is concluded that one or more of the volatile substances induces mound marking in this species.
Key wordsRed fox Vulpes vulpes volatile urinary compounds marking behavior Δ3-isopentenyl methyl sulfide
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Burt, W.H., andGrossenheider, R.P. 1976. A Field Guide to the Mammals, Peterson Field Guide, Series 5, pages 72–76. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston.Google Scholar
- Heimburger, N. 1959. Das Markierungsverhalten einiger Caniden.Z. Tierpsychol. 16:104–113.Google Scholar
- Henry, J.D. 1977. The use of urine marking in the scavenging behavior of the red fox (Vulpes vulpes).Behaviour 61:82–106.Google Scholar
- Jorgenson, J.W., Novotny, M., Carmack, M., Copland, G.B., Wilson, S.R., Katona, S., andWhitten, W.K. 1978. Chemical scent constituents in the urine of the red fox (Vulpes vulpes, L.) during the winter season.Science 199:796–798.Google Scholar
- Montague, F.H., Jr. 1975. The ecology and recreational value of the red fox in Indiana. Thesis, Purdue University Diss. Abstr. 4836B.Google Scholar
- Rome, A. 1978. Devising a method to study the responses of foxes to synthetic urinary compounds. Colby College and Jackson Laboratory Student Report.Google Scholar
- Wilson, S.R., Carmack, M., Novotny, M., Jorgenson, J.W., andWhitten, W.K. 1978. Δ3-Isopentenyl methyl sulfide, a new terpenoid, in the scent mark of the red fox (Vulpes vulpes).J. Org. Chem. 43:4675–4676.Google Scholar