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Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 6, Issue 1, pp 49–55 | Cite as

Induction of marking behavior in wild red foxes (Vulpes vulpes L.) by synthetic urinary constituents

  • W. K. Whitten
  • M. C. Wilson
  • S. R. Wilson
  • J. W. Jorgenson
  • M. Novotny
  • M. Carmack
Article

Abstract

A control aqueous solution containing alcohol and polyethylene glycol, and a test solution with the addition of a mixture of eight volatile synthetic compounds identified in red fox urine, Were alternately placed on man-made mounds of fresh snow during January and February, the foxes' courtship season. The foxes preferentially marked those mounds treated with the test solution in the two experimental areas (P < 0.05 and <0.0001). It is concluded that one or more of the volatile substances induces mound marking in this species.

Key words

Red fox Vulpes vulpes volatile urinary compounds marking behavior Δ3-isopentenyl methyl sulfide 

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References

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. K. Whitten
    • 1
  • M. C. Wilson
    • 1
  • S. R. Wilson
    • 2
  • J. W. Jorgenson
    • 2
  • M. Novotny
    • 2
  • M. Carmack
    • 2
  1. 1.The Jackson LaboratoryBar Harbor
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryIndiana UniversityBloomington

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