Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 10, Issue 7, pp 973–982 | Cite as

Sex pheromone of the pea moth,Cydia nigricana (F.) (Lepidoptera: Olethreutidae)

  • A. R. Greenway


The sex pheromone of the pea moth,Cydia nigricana (F.), was identified as (E,E)-8,10-dodecadien-1-ylacetate (E,E8,10–12∶Ac) (approximately 0.1 ng/abdominal tip), in vacuum distillates of virgin female abdominal tips and volatiles emitted by calling females, from its chemical properties and capillary gas chromatography and mass spectrometry data. SyntheticE,E8,10–12∶Ac and the natural pheromone elicited similar quantitative electrophysiological and behavioral responses from male moths. Other related compounds which also attract male moths in the field,viz., (E)-10-dodecen-1-yl acetate, (E,E)-8,10-dodecadien-1-ol, and (E,E)-8,10-dodecadienal, were not detected in the pheromone andE,E8,10–12∶Ac was not found in male moths.

Key words

Pea moth Cydia nigricana (F.) Laspeyresia nigricana Steph. Lepidoptera Olethreutidae sex pheromone sex attractant gas chromatography mass spectrometry single-ion monitoring electroantennography (E,E)-8,10-dodecadien-1-yl acetate 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Beroza, M., Bierl, B.A., andMoffitt, H.R. 1974. Sex pheromones: (E,E)-8, 10-dodecadien-1-ol in the codling moth.Science 183:89–90.Google Scholar
  2. Budzikiewicz, H., Djerassi, C., andWilliams, D.H. 1967. Mass Spectrometry of Organic Chemistry. Holden-Day, San Francisco.Google Scholar
  3. Buser, H. R., andArn, H. 1975. Analysis of insect pheromones by quadrupole mass fragmentography and high-resolution gas chromatography.J. Chromatogr. 106:83–95.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Greenway, A.R., andWall, C. 1980.Rep. Rothamsted Exp. Sta. 1979 Pt. 1:117.Google Scholar
  5. Greenway, A.R., andWall, C. 1981a.Rep. Rothamsted Exp. Sta. 1980 Pt. 1:126.Google Scholar
  6. Greenway, A.R., andWall, C. 1981b. Attractant lures for males of the pea moth,Cydia nigricana (F.), containing (E)-10-dodecen-1-yl acetate and (E,E)-8,10-dodecadien-l-yl acetate.J. Chem. Ecol. 7:563–573.Google Scholar
  7. Greenway, A.R., andWall, C. 1982.Rep. Rothamsted Exp. Sta. 1981 Pt. 1:132.Google Scholar
  8. Greenway, A.R., Lewis, T., Macaulay, E.D.M., Sturgeon, D.M., andWall, C. 1976. Pea moth: Sex attractants for early warning and control.ARC Res. Rev. 2:80–83.Google Scholar
  9. Greenway, A.R., Lewis, T., Mudd, A., Scott, G.C., andWall, C. 1977. Some chemical and entomological problems in the investigation and use of behaviour-controlling chemicals, pp. 167–185,in N.R. McFarlane (ed.). Crop Protection Agents—Their Biological Evaluation. Academic Press, London.Google Scholar
  10. Greenway, A.R., Davis, S.A., andSmith, M.C. 1981. Analysis of field-weathered lures containing (E)-10-dodecen-1-yl acetate, a sex attractant for the pea moth,Cydia nigricana (F.).J. Chem. Ecol. 7:1049–1056.Google Scholar
  11. Greenway, A.R., Wall, C., andPerry, J.N. 1982. Compounds modifying the activity of two sex attractants for males of the pea moth,Cydia nigricana (F.).J. Chem. Ecol. 8:397–408.Google Scholar
  12. Hill, A.S., Berisford, C.W., Brady, U.E., andRoelofs, W.L. 1976. Sex pheromone of the pitch pine tip moth,Rhyacionia rigidana.Environ. Entomol. 5:959–960.Google Scholar
  13. Lewis, T., andSturgeon, D.M. 1978. Early warning of egg hatching in pea moth (Cydia nigricana).Ann. Appl. Biol. 88:199–210.Google Scholar
  14. Lewis, T., Wall, C., Macaulay, E.D.M., andGreenway, A.R. 1975. The behavioural basis of a pheromone monitoring system for pea moth,Cydia nigricana.Ann. Appl. Biol. 80:257–274.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Mudd, A. 1981. Novel 2-acylcyclohexane-1,2-diones in the mandibular glands of lepidopteran larvae. Kairomones ofEphestia kuehniella Zeller.J.C.S. Perkin Trans. 1:2357–2362.Google Scholar
  16. Roelofs, W.L., Comeau, A., Hill, A., andMilicevic, A. 1971. Sex attractant of the codling moth: Characterisation with electroantennogram technique.Science 174:297–299.Google Scholar
  17. Roelofs, W.L., Bartell, R.J., Hill, A.S., Cardé, R.T., andWaters, L.H. 1972. Codling moth sex attractant—field trials with geometrical isomers.J. Econ. Entomol. 65:1276–1277.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Thompson, L.S., andSanderson, J.B. 1977. Pea moth control in field peas with insecticides and the effect on crop yield.J. Econ. Entomol. 70:518–520.Google Scholar
  19. Wall, C., andGreenway, A.R. 1981. An effective lure for use in pheromone monitoring traps for the pea moth,Cydia nigricana (F.).Plant Pathol. 30:73–76.Google Scholar
  20. Wall, C., Greenway, A.R., andBurt, P.E. 1976. Electroantennographic and field responses of the pea moth,Cydia nigricana, to sex attractants and related compounds.Physiol. Entomol. 1:151–157.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. R. Greenway
    • 1
  1. 1.Rothamsted Experimental StationHarpendenUK

Personalised recommendations