Advertisement

Molecular Biology Reports

, Volume 19, Issue 1, pp 3–21 | Cite as

A review of intermediate filament biology and their use in pathologic diagnosis

  • Ray B. Nagle
Special Issue: Molecular Pathology

Key words

diagnostic pathology immunohistochemistry intermediate filament 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Ishikawa H, Bischoff R & Holtzer H (1968) J. Cell Biol. 38: 538–555PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kurki P, Linder E, Virtanen I & Stenman S (1977) Nature 268: 240–241PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gordon WE, Bushnell A & Burridge K (1978) Cell 13: 249–261PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Franke WW, Schmid E, Osborn M & Weber K (1978) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 75: 5034–5038PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Lazarides E (1982) Ann. Rev. Biochem. 51: 219–250PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Franke WW (1987) Cell 48: 3–4PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Lendahi U, Zimmerman LB & McKay RDG (1990) Cell 60: 585–595PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Portier M-M, DeNechaud B & Gross F (1984) Dev. Neurosci. 6: 335–344Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Flieger KH, Ching GY & Liem RK (1990) EMBO J. 9: 749–755PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Franke WW, Schmid E & Schiller DL (1982) Cold Spring Harbor Symp. Quant. Biol. 46: 431–453PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Osborn M & Weber K (1983) Lab. Invest. 48: 372–394PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Parry DAD & Steinert PM (1992) Curr. Opion. Cell Biol. 4: 94–98Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Quax W, Egberts WV, Hendricks W, Quax-Jeuken Y & Bloemendal H (1983) Cell 35: 215–223PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Quax W, Khan PM, Quax-Jeuken Y & Bloemendal H (1985) Gene 38: 189–196PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Quax-Jeuken Y, Quax WJ & Bloemendal H (1983) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 80: 3548–3552PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Capetanaki YG, Ngai J & Lazarides E (1984) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 81: 6909–6013PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Quax WJ, Van den Heuvel R, Egberts WV, Quax-Jeuken Y & Bloemendal H (1984) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 81: 5970–5974PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Quax W, Van den Broek L, Egberts WV, Ramaekers F & Bloemendal H (1985) Cell 43: 327–338PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Balcarek JM & Cowan NJ (1985) Nucleic Acids Res. 13: 5527–5543PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Lewis SA, Balcarek JM, Krek V, Shelanski ML & Cowan NJ (1984) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 81: 2743–2746PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Julien JP, Ramachandran K & Grosveld F (1985) Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 825: 398–404PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Lewis SA & Cowan NJ (1985) J. Cell Biol. 100: 843–850PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Bader BL, Magin TM, Hatzfeld M & Franke WW (1986) EMBO J. 5: 1865–1875PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Glass C, Kim KH & Fuchs E (1985) J. Cell Biol. 101: 2366–2373PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Hanukoglu I & Fuchs E (1982) Cell 31: 243–252PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Hanukoglu I & Fuchs E (1983) Cell 33: 915–924PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Hoffman W & Franz JK (1984) EMBO J. 3: 1301–1306PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Hoffman W, Franz JK & Franke WW (1985) J. Mol. Biol. 184: 713–724PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Johnson LD, Idler WW, Ahou XM, Roop DR & Steinert PM (1985) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 82: 1896–1900PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Jorcano JL, Franz JK & Franke WW (1984) Differentiation 28: 155–163PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Jorcano JL, Rieger M, Franz JK, Schiller DL, Moll R & Franke WW (1984) J. Mol. Biol. 179: 257–281PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Knapp B, Rentrop M, Schweizer J & Winter H (1986) Nucleic Acids Res. 14: 751–763PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Lehnert ME, Joreano JL, Zentgraf H, Blessing M, Franz JK & Franke WW (1984) EMBO J. 32: 3279–3287Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Magin TM, Jorcano JL, & Franke WW (1986) Differentiation 30: 254–264PubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Marchuk D, McCrohon S & Fuchs E (1985) Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 82: 1609–1613PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Ray Chaudhury A, Marchuk D, Lindhurst M & Fuchs E (1986) Mol. Cell. Biol. 6: 539–548PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Romano V, Hatzfeld M & Magin TM (1986) Differentiation 30: 244–253PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Singer PA, Trevor K & Oshima RG (1986) J. Biol. Chem. 261: 538–547PubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Steinert P, Rice R, Roop D, Trus B & Steven A (1983) Nature 302: 794–800PubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Steinert P, Parry D & Racoosin E (1984) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 81: 5709–5713PubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Tyner A, Eichman M & Fuchs E (1985) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 82: 4683–4687PubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Fisher DZ, Chaudbury M & Blobel G (1986) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 83: 6450–6454PubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    McKeon FD, Kirschner MW & Caput D (1986) Nature 319: 463–468PubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Weber K & Geisler N (1985) Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 455: 126–143PubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Steinert PM & Roop DR (1988) Annu. Rev. Biochem. 57: 593–625PubMedGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Roop DR, Cheg CK & Titterington L (1984) J. Biol. Chem. 259: 8037–8040PubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Weber K, Shaw G, Osborn M, Debus E & Geisler M (1983) Cold Spring Harbor Symp. Quant. Biol. 47: 717–729PubMedGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Fuchs E & Marchuk D (1983) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 80: 5857–5861PubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Kim KH, Rheinwald JG & Fuchs EV (1983) Mol. Cell Biol. 3: 495–502PubMedGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Lewis SA & Cowan NJ (1986) Mol. Cell Biol. 6: 1529–1534PubMedGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Schiller DL, Franke WW & Geiger B (1982) EMBO J. 1: 761–769PubMedGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Geisler N, Kaufmann E, Fischer S, Plessman U & Weber K (1983) EMBO J. 2: 1295–1302PubMedGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Geisler M, Kaufmann E & Weber K (1982) Cell 30: 277–286PubMedGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Eichner R, Bonitz P & Sun TT (1984) J. Cell Biol. 98: 1388–1396PubMedGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Sun TT, Eichner R, Schermer A, Cooper D, Nelson WG & Weiss RA (1984) In: Levine AJ, Van de Wonde GF, Topp WC & Watson JD (Eds) The transformed phenotype: cancer cells (pp 169–176) Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, NYGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Sun TT, Scheffer CG & Tseng A (1984) Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 455: 307–329Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    Goldman R, Goldman A, Green K, Jones J, Lieska M & Yang H-Y (1985) N.Y. Acad. Sci. 455: 1–17Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    Nagle RB, Bocker W, Davis J, Heid HW, Kaufman M, Lucas DO & Jarasch ED (1986) J. Histochem. Cytochem. 34: 869–881PubMedGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Pruss RM, Mirsk R, Ruff MC, Thorpe R, Dowding AJ & Anderson BH (1981) Cell 27: 419–428PubMedGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Fraser RDB, MacRae TP, Suzuki E, Parry DAD, Trajtmann AC & Lucas I (1985) J. Biol. Macromol. 7: 258–274Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    Quinlan RA, Schiller DL, Hatzfeld M, Achtstatter T, Moll R, Jorcano JL, Magin TM & Franke WW (1985) Ann N.Y. Acad. Sci. 455: 282–306PubMedGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Parry DAD & Fraser RBD (1985) Int. J. Biol. Macromol. 7: 203–213Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    Quinlan RA, Cohlberg JA, Schiller DL, Hatzfeld M & Franke WW (1984) J. Mol. Biol. 78: 365–388Google Scholar
  64. 64.
    Hatzfeld M & Franke WW (1985) J. Cell Biol. 101: 1826–1841PubMedGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Coulombe PA & Fuchs E (1990) J. Cell Biol. 111: 153–169PubMedGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    Henderson D, Geisler N & Weber K (1982) J. Mol. Biol. 155: 173–176PubMedGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Geisler N, Kaufmann E & Weber K (1985) J. Mol. Biol. 182: 173–177PubMedGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    Steinert PM, Steven AC & Roop DR (1985) Cell 42: 411–419PubMedGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    Steven AC, Hainfeld JF, Trus BL, Wall JS & Stenert PM (1983) J. Biol. Chem. 258: 8323–8329PubMedGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    Steven AC, Hainfeld JF, Trus BL, Wall JS & Steinert PM (1983) J. Cell. Biol. 97: 1939–1944PubMedGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    Steven AC, Hainfeld JT, Trus BL, Wall JS & Steinert PM (1985) Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 455: 371–380PubMedGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    Lazarides E (1980) Nature 283: 249–256PubMedGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    Gilbert DS (1975) J. Physiol. (London) 253: 257–301PubMedGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    Lasek RJ, Oblinger MM & Drake PF (1983) Cold Spring Harbor Symp. Quant. Biol. 28: 731–744Google Scholar
  75. 75.
    Kawahara H, Cadrin J, Perry G, Autilio-Gambetti L, Swierenga SHH, Metuzals J, Marceau N & French SW (1990) Hepatology 11: 435–448PubMedGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    Wang K & Ramirez-Mitchell R (1983) J. Cell Biol. 96: 562–570PubMedGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    Kartenbeck J, Franke WW, Moser GJ & Stoffels U (1983) EMBO J. 2: 735–742PubMedGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    Kartenbeck J, Schwechheimer K, Moll R & Franke WW (1984) J. Cell Biol. 98: 1072–1081PubMedGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    Vassar R, Coulombe PA, Degenstein L, Alberts K & Fuchs E (1991) Cell 64: 365–380PubMedGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    Coulombe PA, Hutton ME, Letai A, Herbert A, Paller AS & Fuchs E (1991) Cell 66: 1301–1311PubMedGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    Krohne G & Benavente R (1986) Exp. Cell Res. 162: 1–10PubMedGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    Nigg E (1992) Curr. Opin. Cell Biol. 4: 105–109PubMedGoogle Scholar
  83. 83.
    Moll R, Franke WW, Schiller DL, Geiger B & Krepler R (1982) Cell 31: 11–24PubMedGoogle Scholar
  84. 84.
    Moll R, Franke WW, Volc-Platzer B & Krepler R (1982) J. Cell Biol. 95: 285–295PubMedGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    Moll R, Schiller DL & Franke WW (1990) Identification of protein IT of the intestinal cytoskeleton as a novel type I cytokeratin with unusual properties and expression patterns. J. Cell Biol. 111: 567–580PubMedGoogle Scholar
  86. 86.
    Lynch MH, O'Guin WM, Hardh C, Mak L & Sun T-T (1986) J. Cell Biol. 103: 2593–2606PubMedGoogle Scholar
  87. 87.
    Heid HW, Moll I & Franke WW (1988) Differentiation 37: 137–157PubMedGoogle Scholar
  88. 88.
    Fuchs E & Green H (1978) Cell 15: 887–897PubMedGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    Magin TM, Jorcano JL & Franke WW (1983) EMBO J. 2: 1387–1394PubMedGoogle Scholar
  90. 90.
    Tseng SCG, Jarvinen MJ, Nelson WG, Huang JW, Woodcock-Mitchell J & Sun (1982) Cell 30: 361–372PubMedGoogle Scholar
  91. 91.
    Fuchs EV, Coppock SM, Green H & Cleveland DW (1981) Cell 27: 75–84PubMedGoogle Scholar
  92. 92.
    Rothnagel JA, Dominey AM, Dempsey LD, Longley MA, Greenlagh DA, Gayne TA, Huber M, Frenk E, Hohl D & Roop DR (1992) Science 257: 1013–1176Google Scholar
  93. 93.
    Skerrow D & Skerrow CJ (1983) Exp. Cell Res. 143: 27–35PubMedGoogle Scholar
  94. 94.
    Woodcock-Mitchell JR, Eichner R, Nelson WF & Sun TT (1982) J. Cell Biol. 95: 580–588PubMedGoogle Scholar
  95. 95.
    Weiss RA, Eichner R & Sun TT (1984) J. Cell Biol. 98: 1397–1406PubMedGoogle Scholar
  96. 96.
    Nagle RB, Rybski JA, Grogan TM, Hassett T, Molloy P & Guillot J (1989) In: Osborn M & Weber K (Eds) Current communications in molecular biology: Cytoskeletal proteins in tumor diagnosis (pp 49–61) Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, NYGoogle Scholar
  97. 97.
    Nagle RB (1989) Am. J. Clin. Pathol. 91: S14-S18PubMedGoogle Scholar
  98. 98.
    Moll R, Krepler R & Franke WW (1983) Differentiation 23: 256–269PubMedGoogle Scholar
  99. 99.
    Blobel G, Moll R, Franke WW, & Vogt-Moykoph I (1984) Virchows Arch. 45: 407–429Google Scholar
  100. 100.
    Blobel G, Moll R, Franke WW, Kayser K & Gould V (1985) Am. J. Pathol. 121: 235–247PubMedGoogle Scholar
  101. 101.
    Denk H, Krepler R, Lackinger E, Artlieb U & Franke WW (1982) Lab. Invest. 46: 584–596PubMedGoogle Scholar
  102. 102.
    Nagle RB, Brawer ML, Kittelson J & Clark V (1991) Am. J. Pathol. 138: 119–128PubMedGoogle Scholar
  103. 103.
    Lindberg K & Rheinwald JG (1989) Am. J. Pathol. 134: 89–98PubMedGoogle Scholar
  104. 104.
    Schaafsma HE, Ramaekers FCS, Van Muijen GNP, Lane EB, Leigh IM, Robben H, Huijsmans A, Ooms ECM & Ruiter DJ (1990) Am. J. Pathol. 132(2): 329–343Google Scholar
  105. 105.
    Van Eyken P, Sciot R, Paterson A, Callea F, Kew MC & Desmemet VJ (1988) Hum. Pathol. 19: 562–568PubMedGoogle Scholar
  106. 106.
    Moll R, Achtstatter T, Becht E, Balcarova-Stander J, Ittensohn M & Franke WW (1988) Am. J. Pathol. 132: 123–144PubMedGoogle Scholar
  107. 107.
    Broers JLV, Ramaekers FCS, Klein Rot M, Oostendorp T, Huijsmans A, Van Muijen GNP, Wagenaar SjSc & Vooijs GP (1988) Cancer Res. 48: 3221–3229PubMedGoogle Scholar
  108. 108.
    Moll R & Franke WW (1986) In: Lapis K, Liotta LL & Rabson AS (Eds) Biochemistry and molecular genetics of cancer metastasis (pp 101–114) Martin Nijhoff Publishing, BostonGoogle Scholar
  109. 109.
    Moll R, Moll I & Franke WW (1984) Arch. Dermatol. Res. 276: 349–363PubMedGoogle Scholar
  110. 110.
    Moll R, Osborn M, Hartschuh W, Moll I, Mahrle G & Weber K (1986) Ultrastruc. Pathol. 10: 387–401Google Scholar
  111. 111.
    Lavrijsen APM, Tieben LM, Ponec M, Van der Schroeff JG & Muijen GNP (1989) Arch. Dermatol. Res. 281: 83–88PubMedGoogle Scholar
  112. 112.
    Bartek J, Bartkova J & Schneider J (1986) Eur. J. Cancer Clin. Oncol. 22(12): 1441–1452PubMedGoogle Scholar
  113. 113.
    Moll R, Levy R, Czernobilsky B, Holweg-Majert P, Dallenbach-Hellweg G & Franke WW (1983) Lab. Invest. 49: 599–610PubMedGoogle Scholar
  114. 114.
    Nielsen LN, Hording U, Saugaard S, Rasmussen LP, Johannesen DL & Norrild B (1991) APMIS 99: 427–433PubMedGoogle Scholar
  115. 115.
    Achtstatter T, Moll R, Moore B & Franke WW (1985) J. Histochem. 33: 415–426Google Scholar
  116. 116.
    Schaafsma HE, Ramaekers FCS, Van Muijen GMP, Ooms ECM & Ruiter DJ (1989) Histochem. 91: 151–159Google Scholar
  117. 117.
    Moll R, Hage C & Thoenes W (1991) Lab. Invest. 65: 74–86PubMedGoogle Scholar
  118. 118.
    Pitz S, Moll R, Storkel S & Thoenes W (1987) Lab. Invest. 56: 642–653PubMedGoogle Scholar
  119. 119.
    Gould VE, Koukoulis GK, Jansson DS, Nagle RB, Franke WW & Moll R (1990) Am. J. Pathol. 137: 1143–1155PubMedGoogle Scholar
  120. 120.
    Osborn M, Lessen GV, Weber K, Kloppel G & Altmannsberger M (1986) Lab. Invest. 55: 497–504PubMedGoogle Scholar
  121. 121.
    Ramaekers FCS, Huysmans A, Schaart G, Moesker O & Vooijs P (1987) Exp. Cell Res. 170: 235–249PubMedGoogle Scholar
  122. 122.
    Blobel GA, Gould VE, Moll R, Lee I, Huszar M, Geiger B & Franke WW (1985) Lab. Invest. 52: 39–50PubMedGoogle Scholar
  123. 123.
    Ramaekers FCS, Haag D, Kant A, Moesker O, Jap PHK & Vooijs GP (1983) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 80: 2618–2622PubMedGoogle Scholar
  124. 124.
    Czernobilsky B, Moll R, Levy R & Franke WW (1985) Eur. J. Cell Biol. 37: 175–190PubMedGoogle Scholar
  125. 125.
    LaRocca PL & Rheinwald JG (1984) Cancer Res. 44: 2991–2999PubMedGoogle Scholar
  126. 126.
    Miettinen M, Franssila K, Lehto VP, Paasvivuo R & Virtanen I (1984) Lab. Invest. 50: 262–270PubMedGoogle Scholar
  127. 127.
    Azumi N & Battifora H (1987) Am. J. Clin. Pathol. 88: 286–296PubMedGoogle Scholar
  128. 128.
    McNutt MA, Bolen JW, Gown AM, Hammar SP & Vogel AM (1985) Ultrastruct. Pathol. 9: 31–43PubMedGoogle Scholar
  129. 129.
    Caselitz J, Osborn M, Wustrow J, Seifert G. & Weber K (1982) Pathol. Res. Pract. 175: 266–278PubMedGoogle Scholar
  130. 130.
    Krepler R, Denk J, Artleib U, & Moll R (1982) Differentiation 21: 191–199PubMedGoogle Scholar
  131. 131.
    Caselitz J, Becker J, Seifert G, Weber K & Osborn M (1984) Virchows Arch. [A] 403: 337–344Google Scholar
  132. 132.
    Upton MP, Hirohashi S, Tome Y, Miyazawa M, Suemasu K & Shimosato Y (1986) Am. J. Surg. Pathol. 10: 560–567PubMedGoogle Scholar
  133. 133.
    Raymond WA & Leong AS-Y (1989) J. Pathol. 157: 299–306PubMedGoogle Scholar
  134. 134.
    Lehto VP, Miettinen M, Dahl D & Virtanen I (1984) Cancer 54: 624–628PubMedGoogle Scholar
  135. 135.
    Lehto VP, Stenman S, Miettinen M, Dahl D & Virtanen I (1983) Am. J. Pathol. 110: 113–118PubMedGoogle Scholar
  136. 136.
    Gustaffson H, Virtanen I & Thornell L-E (1989) Virchows Arch. [B] 52: 303–313Google Scholar
  137. 137.
    Moll R, Lee I, Gould VE, Berndt R, Roessner A & Franke WW (1987) Am. J. Pathol. 127: 288–304PubMedGoogle Scholar
  138. 138.
    Salisbury JR & Isaacson PG (1985) J. Pathol. 147: 49–57PubMedGoogle Scholar
  139. 139.
    Brown DC, Theaker JM, Banks PM, Gatter KC & Mason DY (1987) Histopathol. 11: 477–486Google Scholar
  140. 140.
    Norton AJ, Thomas JA & Isaacson PG (1987) Histopathol 11: 487–499Google Scholar
  141. 141.
    Gown AM, Boyd HC, Chang Y, Ferguson M, Reichler B & Tippens D (1988) Am. J. Pathol. 132: 223–232PubMedGoogle Scholar
  142. 142.
    Miettinen M (1988) Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med. 112: 637–640PubMedGoogle Scholar
  143. 143.
    Ramaekers FCS, Pruszczynski M & Smedts F (1988) Histopathol. 12: 558–561Google Scholar
  144. 144.
    Leader M, Patel J, Makin C & Henry K (1986) Histopathol. 10: 1315–1324Google Scholar
  145. 145.
    Gray MH, Rosenberg AE, Dickersin GR & Bhan AK (1989) Hum. Pathol. 20: 1089–1096PubMedGoogle Scholar
  146. 146.
    Lawson CW, Fisher C & Gatter KC (1987) Histopathol. 11: 375–383Google Scholar
  147. 147.
    Weiss SW, Bratthauer GL & Morris PA (1988) Am. J. Surg. Pathol. 12: 554–558PubMedGoogle Scholar
  148. 148.
    Hirose T, Kudo E, Hasegawa T, Abe J-I & Hizawa K (1989) Hum. Pathol. 20: 871–877PubMedGoogle Scholar
  149. 149.
    Miettinen M & Soini Y (1989) Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med. 113: 1363–1366PubMedGoogle Scholar
  150. 150.
    Zarbo RJ, Gown AM, Vissher DW & Crissman JD (1989) Lab. Invest. 60: 109AGoogle Scholar
  151. 151.
    Mascarel A, Merlio JP, Coindre JM, Goussot JF & Broustet A (1989) Am. J. Clin. Pathol. 91: 478–481PubMedGoogle Scholar
  152. 152.
    Nagle RB, Lucas DO, McDaniel KM, Clark VA, Schmazel & Schmazel GM (1985) Am. J. Clin. Pathol. 83: 431–438PubMedGoogle Scholar
  153. 153.
    Lazarides E. (1982) Ann. Rev. Biochem. 51: 219–250PubMedGoogle Scholar
  154. 154.
    Renner W, Franke WW, Schmid E, Geisler N, Weber K & Mandelkow E (1981) J. Mol. Biol. 249: 285–306Google Scholar
  155. 155.
    Franke WW, Schmid E, Osborn M & Weber K (1978) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 75: 5034–5038PubMedGoogle Scholar
  156. 156.
    Goldman R, Goldman A, Green K, Jones J, Lieska N & Yang H-Y (1985) NY Acad. Sci. 455: 1–17Google Scholar
  157. 157.
    Pateau A, Virtanen I & Stenman S (1979) Acta Neuropathol. 47: 71–74PubMedGoogle Scholar
  158. 158.
    Lazarides E (1978) Exp. Cell Res. 112: 265–273PubMedGoogle Scholar
  159. 159.
    Klymkowsky MW (1981) Nature 291: 249–251PubMedGoogle Scholar
  160. 160.
    Franke WW, Grund C, Kuhn C, Lehto V-P & Virtanen I (1984) Exp. Cell Res. 154: 567–580PubMedGoogle Scholar
  161. 161.
    Ericksson JE, Opal P & Goldman RD (1992) Curr. Opion. Cell Biol. 4: 99–104Google Scholar
  162. 162.
    Lamb NJC, Fernandez A, Feramisco JR & Welch WJ (1989) J. Cell Biol. 108: 2409–2422PubMedGoogle Scholar
  163. 163.
    Chase D, Enzinger FM, Weiss SW & Langloss JM (1984) Am. J. Surg. Pathol. 8: 435–441PubMedGoogle Scholar
  164. 164.
    Osborn M & Weber K (1983) Lab. Invest. 48: 372–394PubMedGoogle Scholar
  165. 165.
    Weber K, Shaw G, Osborn M, Debus E & Geisler N (1983) Cold Springs Harbor Symp. Quart. Biol. 47: 717–729Google Scholar
  166. 166.
    Nixon RA & Lewis SE (1986) J. Biol. Chem. 261: 16298–16301PubMedGoogle Scholar
  167. 167.
    Geisler N, Kaufmann E, Fischer S & Plessman U (1983) EMBO J. 2: 1295–1302PubMedGoogle Scholar
  168. 168.
    Hirokawa N, Glicksman MA & Willard MB (1984) J. Cell Biol. 98: 1523–1536PubMedGoogle Scholar
  169. 169.
    Shaw G & Weber K (1981) Exp. Cell Res. 136: 119–125PubMedGoogle Scholar
  170. 170.
    Sharp GA, Shaw G & Weber K (1982) Exp. Cell Res. 137: 403–413PubMedGoogle Scholar
  171. 171.
    Willard M & Simon C (1981) J. Cell Biol. 89: 198–205PubMedGoogle Scholar
  172. 172.
    Shecket G & Lasek RJ (1980) J. Neurochem. 35: 1335–1344PubMedGoogle Scholar
  173. 173.
    Julien JP, Ramachandran K & Grosveld F (1985) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 825: 398–404PubMedGoogle Scholar
  174. 174.
    Trojanowski JQ, Lee VM-Y & Schlaepfer WW (1984) Hum. Pathol. 15: 248–257PubMedGoogle Scholar
  175. 175.
    Sternberger LA & Sternberger NH (1983) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 80: 6126–6130PubMedGoogle Scholar
  176. 176.
    Cork LC, Sternberger NH, Sternberger LA, Casanova MF, Struble RG & Price DL (1986) J. Neuropathol. Exp. Neurol. 45: 56–64PubMedGoogle Scholar
  177. 177.
    Cooke P (1976) J. Cell Biol. 68: 539–556PubMedGoogle Scholar
  178. 178.
    Cook PH & Chase RH (1971) Exp. Cell Res. 66: 417–425PubMedGoogle Scholar
  179. 179.
    Tokuyasu KT, Maher PA, DCutton AH & Singer SJ (1985) Ann. NY Acad. Sci. 455: 200–212PubMedGoogle Scholar
  180. 180.
    Wang K & Ramirez-Mitchell R (1983) J. Cell Biol. 96: 562–570PubMedGoogle Scholar
  181. 181.
    Thornell LE, Eriksson A & Jonhansson B (1985) In: Wang E, Fischman D, Liem RKH & Sun T-T (Eds) Intermediate filaments (pp 213–240) Ann. NY Acad. SciGoogle Scholar
  182. 182.
    Hill CS, Duran S, Lin Z, Weber K & Holtzer H (1986) J. Cell Biol. 103: 2185–2196PubMedGoogle Scholar
  183. 183.
    Gard DL & Lazarides E (1980) Cell 19: 263–275PubMedGoogle Scholar
  184. 184.
    Altmannsberger M, Weber K, Droste R & Osborn M (1985) Am. J. Pathol. 118: 85–95PubMedGoogle Scholar
  185. 185.
    Granger BL & Lazarides E (1978) Cell 15: 1253–1268PubMedGoogle Scholar
  186. 186.
    Lazarides E (1980) Nature 283: 249–256PubMedGoogle Scholar
  187. 187.
    Eng LF, Vanderhaeghen JJ, Bignami A & Gerstl B (1971) 28: 351–354Google Scholar
  188. 188.
    Eng LF & DeArmond SJ (1983) In: Zimmerman HM (Ed) Progression neuropathology (pp 19–39) Raven Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  189. 189.
    Schlaepfer WW (1981) J. Cell Biol. 76: 50–56Google Scholar
  190. 190.
    Rueger DC, Huston JS, Dahl D & Bignami A (1979) J. Mol. Biol. 153: 53–68Google Scholar
  191. 191.
    Lowenthal A, Flament-Durand J, Karcher D, Noppe M & Brion JP (1982) J. Neurochem. 38: 863–865PubMedGoogle Scholar
  192. 192.
    Roessman U, Velasco ME, Sindley SD & Gambetti (1980) Brain Res. 200: 13–21PubMedGoogle Scholar
  193. 193.
    Choi BH & Kim RC (1984) Science 223: 407–409PubMedGoogle Scholar
  194. 194.
    Choi BH & Kim RC (1985) Neuroimmunol. 8: 215–235Google Scholar
  195. 195.
    Funata N (1985) Bull. Tokyo Med. Dent. Univ. 32: 9–18PubMedGoogle Scholar
  196. 196.
    Paposozomenos SC (1983) Exp. Neurol. 42: 381–388Google Scholar
  197. 197.
    Fields KL & Yen SH (1985) J. Neuroimmunol. 8: 311–330PubMedGoogle Scholar
  198. 198.
    Jessen KR & Mirsky R (1983) J. Neurosci 3: 2206–2218PubMedGoogle Scholar
  199. 199.
    Jessen KR & Mirsky R (1985) J Neuroimmunol 8: 377–393PubMedGoogle Scholar
  200. 200.
    Achstatter T, Moll R & Anderson A (1986) Differentiation 31: 207–227Google Scholar
  201. 201.
    Hatfield JS, Skof H, Maisel H & Eng L (1984) J. Cell Biol. 98: 1895–1898PubMedGoogle Scholar
  202. 202.
    Franke WW (1987) Cell 48: 3–4PubMedGoogle Scholar
  203. 203.
    Fisher DZ, Chaudbury N & Blobel G (1986) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 83: 6450–6454PubMedGoogle Scholar
  204. 204.
    McKeon FD, Kirschner MW & Caput D (1986) Nature 319: 463–468PubMedGoogle Scholar
  205. 205.
    Aebi U, Cohn J, Buhle L & Gerace L (1986) Nature 323: 560–564PubMedGoogle Scholar
  206. 206.
    Krohne G & Benavente R (1986) Exp. Cell Res. 162: 1–10PubMedGoogle Scholar
  207. 207.
    Kurki P, Virtanen I, Lehto VP & Helve T (1985) Rheumatology 12: 263–256Google Scholar
  208. 208.
    Kurki & Virtanen I (1984) J. Immunol. Methods 209–223Google Scholar
  209. 209.
    Moll R, Lowe A, Laufer J & Franke WW (1992) Am. J. Pathol. 140(2): 427–447PubMedGoogle Scholar
  210. 210.
    Nagle RB, Ahmann FR, McDaniel KM, Paquin ML, Clark VA & Celniker A (1987) Cancer Res. 47: 281–286PubMedGoogle Scholar
  211. 211.
    Cooper D, Shermer A & Sun TT (1985) Lab. Invest. 52: 243PubMedGoogle Scholar
  212. 212.
    Nagle RB, McDaniel KM, Clark VA & Payne CM (1983) Am. J. Clin. Pathol. 79: 458–466PubMedGoogle Scholar
  213. 213.
    Linder J (1990) Clinics in Laboratory Med. 10: 59–76Google Scholar
  214. 214.
    Gown AM, Vogel AM & Hoak D (1986) Am. J. Pathol. 123: 195PubMedGoogle Scholar
  215. 215.
    Nakajima T, Watanabe S, Sato Y, Kameya J, Shimosato Y & Ishihara K (1982) Cancer 50: 912–918PubMedGoogle Scholar
  216. 216.
    Warnke RA, Gatter KC & Falina B (1983) N. Engl. J. Med. 309: 1275PubMedGoogle Scholar
  217. 217.
    Zarbo RJ, Gown AM, Nagle RB, Visscher DW & Crissman JD (1990) Modern Pathol. 3: 494–501Google Scholar
  218. 218.
    Weiss SW, Bratthauer GL & Morris PA (1988) Am. J. Surg. Pathol. 12: 554–558PubMedGoogle Scholar
  219. 219.
    Gown AM, Boyd HC, Cheng Y, Ferguson M, Reicher B & Tippens D (1988) Am. J. Pathol. 132: 223–232PubMedGoogle Scholar
  220. 220.
    Meittinen M (1988) Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med. 112: 637–640PubMedGoogle Scholar
  221. 221.
    DeMascarel A, Merlo JP, Coindre JM, Goussot JF & Broustel A (1989) Am. J. Clin. Pathol. 91: 478–481PubMedGoogle Scholar
  222. 222.
    Traweek ST, Liu J & Battifora H (1993) Am. J. Pathol. (in press)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ray B. Nagle
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Arizona Health Sciences CenterTucsonUSA

Personalised recommendations