Advertisement

Journal of Nonverbal Behavior

, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp 120–138 | Cite as

Coordinated movement and rapport in teacher-student interactions

  • Frank J. Bernieri
Article

Abstract

High school students in 19 teaching dyads were measured for their degree of interpersonal coordination and rapport. Two types of movement coordination were identified and rated by a group of untrained judges: the degree of perceivedmovement synchrony, and the extent ofbehavior matching. Ratings of movement synchrony in true interactions were significantly greater than similar ratings in pseudo interaction control clips (i.e., video clips that appeared to be of the teacher and student interacting but were, in fact, a combination of video clips of each interactant recorded fromdifferent points within their interaction). Self-ratings collected from interactants indicated a strong relationship between participants' rapport and the degree of movement synchrony perceived by raters. This relationship remained even after observer ratings of each interactant's friendliness, a possible confound, were partialled out. This result provided empirical evidence for the hypothesized relationship between rapport and interpersonal coordination (Tickle-Degnen & Rosenthal, 1987). Ratings of behavior matching did not differ significantly between the true interactions and pseudo interaction control clips. Behavior matching failed to correlate significantly with dyadic rapport. It was, however, significantly predictive of self-reported anxiety.

Keywords

High School Empirical Evidence Social Psychology Strong Relationship Similar Rating 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Baron, R. M. & Boudreau, L. A. (1987). An ecological perspective on integrating personality and social psychology.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 53, 1222–1228.Google Scholar
  2. Bavelas, J. B., Black, A., Lemery, C. R., & Mullett, J. (1986). “Ishow how you feel”: Motor mimicry as a communicative act.Journal of Personal and Social Psychology, 50, 322–329.Google Scholar
  3. Bernieri, F., Reznick, J. S., & Rosenthal, R. (1988). Synchrony, pseudosynchrony, and dissynchrony: Measuring the entrainment process in mother-infant dyads.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54, 243–253.Google Scholar
  4. Bernieri, F., Reznick, J. S., & Rosenthal, R. (1986, April).Synchrony, pseudosynchrony, and dissynchrony between mothers and children. Paper presented at the Eastern Psychological Association Annual Conference, New York, NY.Google Scholar
  5. Bernieri, F, & Rosenthal, R. (In Press). Interpersonal coordination: Behavior matching and interactional synchrony. In R.S. Feldman & B. Rime (Eds.)Fundamentals of Nonverbal Behavior. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Byrne, D. (1971).The attraction paradigm. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  7. Cappella, J. N. (1981). Mutual influence in expressive behavior: Adult-adult and infant-adult dyadic interaction.Psychological Bulletin, 89, 101–132.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Cattell, R. B. (1952).Factor analysis: an introduction manual for the psychologist and social scientist. New York: Harper & Row.Google Scholar
  9. Charney, J. E. (1966). Psychosomatic manifestations of rapport in psychotherapy.Psychosomatic Medicine.28, 305–315.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Condon, W. S. (1970). Method of micro-analysis of sound films of behavior.Behavior Research Methods and Instrumentation, 2, 51–54.Google Scholar
  11. Condon, W. S. & Ogston, W. D. (1966). Sound film analysis of normal and pathological behavior patterns.Journal of Nervous and Mental Diseases, 143, 338–457.Google Scholar
  12. Condon, W. S. & Ogston, W. D. (1967). A segmentation of behavior.Journal of Psychiatric Research, 5, 221–235.Google Scholar
  13. Gibson, J. J. (1979).The ecological approach to visual perception. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.Google Scholar
  14. Kato, T., Takahashi, E., Sawada, K., Kobayashi, N., Watanabe, T., & Tshii, T. (1983). A computer analysis of infant movements synchronized with adult speech.Pediatric Research, 17, 625–628.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Kendon, A. (1970). Movement coordination in social interaction: Some examples described.Acta Psychologica, 32, 1–25.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Kendon, A., Harris, R. M., & Key, M. R. (Eds.). (1975).Organization of behavior in face-to-face interactions. The Hague: Mouton.Google Scholar
  17. La France, M. (1979). Nonverbal synchrony and rapport: Analysis by the cross-lag panel technique.Social Psychology Quarterly, 42, 66–70.Google Scholar
  18. La France, M. (1982). Posture Mirroring and Rapport. In M. Davis (Ed.)Interaction rhythms: Periodicity in communicative behavior. (pp. 279–299). New York: Human Sciences Press.Google Scholar
  19. La France, M. & Broadbent, M. (1976). Group rapport: Posture sharing as a nonverbal indicator.Group and Organization Studies, 1, 328–333.Google Scholar
  20. LaFrance, M. & Ickes, W. (1981). Posture mirroring and interactional involvement: Sex and sex typing effects.Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 5, 139–154.Google Scholar
  21. McDowall, J. J. (1978). Interactional synchrony: A reappraisal.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 36, 963–975.Google Scholar
  22. Newtson, D., Hairfield, J., Bloomingdale, J., & Cutino, S. (1987). The structure of action and interaction.Social Cognition, 5, 191–237.Google Scholar
  23. Rosenfeld, H. M. (1981). Whither interactional synchrony? In K. Bloom (Ed.)Prospective issues in infancy research, (pp. 71–97). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
  24. Rosenthal, R. (1982). Conducting judgment studies. In K. R. Scherer & P. Ekman (Eds.),Handbook of methods in nonverbal behavior research. (pp. 287–361). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  25. Rosenthal, R. (1987).Judgment studies: design, analysis, and meta-analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  26. Rosenthal, R. & Rosnow, R. L. (1985).Contrasts: Focused comparisons in the analysis of variance. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  27. Scheflen, A. E. (1982). The significance of posture in communication systems.Psychiatry, 27, 316–331.Google Scholar
  28. Tickle-Degnen, L. & Rosenthal, R. (1987). Group rapport and nonverbal behavior.Review of Personality and Social Psychology, 9, 113–136.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frank J. Bernieri
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyOregon State UniversityCorvallis

Personalised recommendations