Journal of Nonverbal Behavior

, Volume 5, Issue 3, pp 139–154 | Cite as

Posture mirroring and interactional involvement: Sex and sex typing effects

  • Marianne La France
  • William Ickes


This study investigated the effects of sex (male-male vs. female-female) and sex typing (sex typed-sex typed, sex typed-androgynous, and androgynous-androgynous) on dyadic posture mirroring between strangers in a “waiting room” context. Results revealed a significant interaction between sex composition and sex-typing composition such that among sex-typed pairs, females displayed more posture mirroring than males but among androgynous pairs, the effect was reversed with male dyads showing more posture sharing than female dyads. Results also showed a surprising negative relation between mirroring and rapport as well as a negative correlation between mirroring and verbalization. The suggestion made is that individual action in the form of talk and communal engagement in the form of mirroring may represent different modes of being involved in an interaction.


Negative Correlation Significant Interaction Social Psychology Individual Action Typing Effect 
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Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marianne La France
    • 1
  • William Ickes
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyBoston CollegeChestnut Hill
  2. 2.the Department of PsychologyUniversity of Missouri at St. LouisUSA

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