Journal of Nonverbal Behavior

, Volume 17, Issue 3, pp 205–227 | Cite as

Socialization of emotion: Pathway to preschoolers' emotional and social competence

  • Susanne A. Denham
  • Leslie Grout


Aspects of 47 preschoolers'emotional competence—their patterns of emotional expressiveness and reactions to others' emotion displays—were observed in two settings, with mother and with peers, and their general social competence was rated by their preschool teachers. Intrapersonal and interpersonal (i.e., socialization correlates of children's emotional competence were identified, and a causal model incorporating direct and indirect influences on social competence was evaluated. Maternal patterns of expressiveness, reactions to children's emotion displays, and self-reported affective environment were associated with children's emotional competence in the preschool. Children's emotional competence with mother predicted their emotional competence in the preschool somewhat less strongly, suggesting that emotional competence may differ according to the interpersonal relationship studied. Taken as a whole, findings reassert the importance of the domain of emotional expression to the development of social competence.


Social Psychology Interpersonal Relationship Emotional Expression Social Competence Causal Model 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susanne A. Denham
  • Leslie Grout

There are no affiliations available

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