Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 220, Issue 3–4, pp 147–160 | Cite as

Phylogeny ofCyclamen L. (Primulaceae): Evidence from morphology and sequence data from the internal transcribed spacers of nuclear ribosomal DNA

  • Arne A. Anderberg
  • Ida Trift
  • Mari Källersjö


A molecular phylogenetic study of the genusCyclamen L. (Primulaceae) has been undertaken, based on sequence data from the 5.8S gene in the ribosomal nuclear DNA and its flanking internal transcribed spacers ITS1 and ITS2. Sequence data from 15 species ofCyclamen and seven outgroup taxa selected from Primulaceae and Myrsinaceae were analyzed phylogenetically. A second analysis based on a combined morphological and molecular dataset was performed to evaluate earlier hypotheses of character evolution in the genus. The results indicate that four monophyletic subgroups may be recognized in the genus, viz.Cyclamen, Psilanthum Schwarz,Eucosme Schwarz andGyrophoebe Schwarz. Each of the four subgenera is diagnosed by distinct basic chromosome number, as well as by morphological and molecular characteristics.

Key words

Primulaceae Cyclamen phylogeny rDNA sequences ITS morphology 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arne A. Anderberg
    • 1
  • Ida Trift
    • 2
    • 3
  • Mari Källersjö
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Phanerogamic BotanySwedish Museum of Natural HistoryStockholmSweden
  2. 2.Department of BotanyUniversity of StockholmStockholmSweden
  3. 3.Molecular Systematics LaboratorySwedish Museum of Natural HistoryStockholmSweden

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