Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 18, Issue 12, pp 2305–2329 | Cite as

The role of lanierone in the chemical ecology ofIps pini (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) in California

  • Steven J. Seybold
  • Stephen A. Teale
  • David L. Wood
  • Aijun Zhang
  • Francis X. Webster
  • Kenneth Q. LindahlJr.
  • Isao Kubo


Five doses of lanierone (2-hydroxy-4,4,6-trimethyl-2,5-cyclohexadien-1-one) were tested with one dose of enantiomerically pure [99.4% (4R)-(−)] ipsdienol (2-methyl-6-methylene-2,7-octadien-4-ol) for activity as an aggregation pheromone ofIps pini (Say) in California. The response ofI. pini to 1 mg/day ipsdienol + 20 μg/day lanierone was significantly greater than the response to ipsdienol alone, but the response pattern did not demonstrate a clear dose-response relationship. The response to the highest dose of lanierone (2 mg/day) was significantly lower than the response to ipsdienol alone. Ipsdienol attracted significantly moreI. pini than a male-infested log. Lanierone did not alter the percentage of maleI. pini responding to ipsdienol alone. Neither sex ofI. pini orDendroctonus brevicomis LeConte from California produced detectable amounts of lanierone, but myrcene-aerated maleD. brevicomis produced 97.8%-(4S)-(+)-ipsdienol. The black-bellied clerid,Enoclerus lecontei (Wolcott) (Coleoptera: Cleridae) was attracted to lanierone when released with ipsdienol. Neither compound was attractive when released alone, proving synergism for the kairomone of this predator. Lanierone did not influence the response of the predatorsTemnochila chlorodia (Mannerheim) (Coleoptera: Trogositidae) andEnoclerus sphegeus (F.) (Coleoptera: Cleridae), which were attracted to all treatments containing ipsdienol.Tomicobia tibialis Ashmead (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) responded in significantly greater numbers to the male-infested log than it did to ipsdienol or ipsdienol + 20 μg/day lanierone.

Key Words

Coleoptera Scolytidae Cleridae Trogositidae Pteromalidae Ips pini Dendroctonus brevicomis Enoclerus lecontei Enoclerus sphegeus Temnochila chlorodia Tomicobia tibialis ipsdienol lanierone aggregation pheromone kairomone 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Steven J. Seybold
    • 1
  • Stephen A. Teale
    • 3
  • David L. Wood
    • 1
  • Aijun Zhang
    • 4
  • Francis X. Webster
    • 4
  • Kenneth Q. LindahlJr.
    • 2
  • Isao Kubo
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Entomological SciencesSchool of Public Health University of California at BerkeleyBerkeley
  2. 2.Group in BiostatisticsSchool of Public Health University of California at BerkeleyBerkeley
  3. 3.Department of Environmental and Forest BiologyCollege of Environmental Science and Forestry State University of New YorkSyracuse
  4. 4.Department of ChemistryCollege of Environmental Science and Forestry State University of New YorkSyracuse

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