Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 200, Issue 3–4, pp 193–211 | Cite as

Phylogenetic relationships in the genusStylosanthes (Leguminosae) based upon chloroplast DNA variation

  • Amanda C. M. Gillies
  • Richard J. Abbott


A detailed analysis of chloroplast DNA restriction fragment length variation was undertaken to reconstruct the maternal phylogeny of 18 taxa from both sections of the papilionoid tropical forage legume genusStylosanthes. Data were analysed by means of the computer program PAUP, using an heuristic search with Wagner parsimony. The resulting cladogram dividedStylosanthes into four separate clades, which comprised: (i) theS. guianensis complex and related species (i.e.S. gracilis, S. grandifolia andS. montevidensis); (ii)S. hispida, tetraploidS. hamata s. l.,S. sympodialis, S. humilis, S. leiocarpa, S. angustifolia and certain accesions ofS. scabra; (iii)S. calcicola, S. viscosa, diploidS. hamata s. str., andS. fruticosa, plus accessions ofS. scabra, S. capitata and one accession ofS. grandifolia; and (iv)S. macrocephala and other accessions ofS. capitata not included within clade 3. Results are generally congruent with previously established interspecific relationships and, moreover, enabled identification of putative maternal progenitors for four tetraploid taxa:S. humilis was identified as a likely maternal parent of bothS. sympodialis andS. hamata s. l.,S. viscosa as a maternal parent ofS. scabra, andS. macrocephala as a maternal parent ofS. capitata.

Key words

Leguminosae Stylosanthes Chloroplast DNA RFLPs phylogeny systematics 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amanda C. M. Gillies
    • 1
  • Richard J. Abbott
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Terrestrial EcologyBush EstatePenicuik, MidlothianScotland, UK
  2. 2.School of Biological and Medical Sciences, Sir Harold Mitchell BuildingUniversity of St. AndrewsSt. Andrews, FifeScotland, UK

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