Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 17, Issue 8, pp 1517–1527 | Cite as

Ipsenol: an aggregation pheromone forIps latidens (Leconte) (Coleoptera: Scolytidae)

  • Daniel R. Miller
  • John H. Borden
  • G. G. S. King
  • Keith N. Slessor


Ipsenol was identified from the frass of male, but not female,Ips latidens from British Columbia, feeding in phloem tissue of lodgepole pine,Pinus contorta var.latifolia. The responses ofJ. latidens to sources of ips-enol andcis-verbenol were determined with multiple-funnel traps in stands of lodgepole pine in British Columbia. Ipsenol attracted both male and femaleI. latidens, verifying that it is a pheromone for this species. MaleI. latidens showed a slight preference for (S)-(−)-ipsenol.cis-Verbenol was not produced by beetles of either sex and, in contrast to an earlier report, both enantiomers inhibited attraction to ipsenol-baited traps. The predators,Enoclerus sphegeus andThanasimus undatulus (Cleridae), were attracted to traps baited withcis-verbenol and ipsenol.

Key Words

Pheromone ipsenol cis-verbenol chirality Ips latidens Coleoptera Scolytidae predator kairomone Enoclerus sphegeus Thanasimus undatulus Cleridae 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Birch, M.C., andLight, D.M. 1977. Inhibition of the attractant pheromone response inIps pint andI. paraconfusus (Coleoptera: Scolytidae): Field evaluation of ipsenol and linalool.J. Chem. Ecol. 3:257–267.Google Scholar
  2. Birch, M.C., Light, D.M., andMom, K. 1977. Selective inhibition of response ofIps pini to its pheromone by the (S)-(−)-enantiomer of ipsenol.Nature 170:738–739.Google Scholar
  3. Birch, M.C., Svihra, P., Paine, T.D., andMiller, J.C. 1980. Influence of chemically mediated behavior on host tree colonization by four cohabiting species of bark beetles.J. Chem. Ecol. 6:395–414.Google Scholar
  4. Borden, J.H. 1967. Factors influencing the response ofIps confusus (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) to male attractant.Can. Entomol. 99:1164–1193.Google Scholar
  5. Borden, J.H. 1982. Aggregation pheromones, pp. 74–139,in J.B. Mitton and K.B. Sturgeon (eds.). Bark Beetles in North American Conifers. University of Texas Press, Austin, Texas.Google Scholar
  6. Borden, J.H., Pierce, A.M., Pierce, H.D., Jr., Chong, L.J., Stock, A.J., andOehlschlager, A.C. 1987. Semiochemicals produced by western balsam bark beetle,Dryocoetes confusus Swaine (Coleoptera: Scolytidae).J. Chem. Ecol. 13:823–836.Google Scholar
  7. Bright, D.E., Jr. 1976. The bark beetles of Canada and Alaska (Coleoptera: Scolytidae). Agriculture Canada Publication 1576.Google Scholar
  8. Dahlsten, D.L. 1982. Relationships between bark beetles and their natural enemies, pp. 140–182,in J.B. Mitton and K.B. Sturgeon (eds.). Bark Beetles in North American Conifers. University of Texas Press, Austin, Texas.Google Scholar
  9. Dixon, W.N., andPayne, T.L. 1979. Sequence of arrival and spatial distribution of entomophagous and associate insects on southern pine beetle-infested trees. Texas Agric. Exp. Stn. Misc Publ. 1432.Google Scholar
  10. Furniss, R.L., andCarolin, V.M. 1980. Western forest insects. U.S. For. Serv. Misc. Publ. 1339.Google Scholar
  11. Furniss, M.M., andLivingston, R.L. 1979. Inhibition by ipsenol of pine engraver attraction in northern Idaho.Environ. Entomol. 8:369–372.Google Scholar
  12. Hedden, R., Vité, J.P., andMori, K. 1976. Synergistic effect of a pheromone and a kairomone on host selection and colonisation byIps avulsus.Nature 261:696–697.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Libbey, L.M., Ryker, L.C., andYandell, K.L. 1985. Laboratory and field studies of volatiles released byDendroctonus ponderosae Hopkins (Coleoptera, Scolytidae).Z. Angew. Entomol. 100:381–392.Google Scholar
  14. Lindgren, B.S. 1983. A multiple-funnel trap for scolytid beetles.Can. Entomol. 115:299–302.Google Scholar
  15. Miller, D.R., andBorden, J.H. 1985. Life history and biology ofIps latidens (LeConte) (Coleoptera: Scolytidae).Can. Entomol. 117:859–871.Google Scholar
  16. Miller, D.R., andBorden, J.H. 1990. The use of monoterpenes as kairomones byIps latidens (LeConte) (Coleoptera: Scolytidae).Can. Entomol. 122:301–307.Google Scholar
  17. Mirov, N.T. 1961. Composition of gum turpentines of pines. U.S. For. Serv. Tech. Bull. No. 1239.Google Scholar
  18. Nordlund, D.A., andLewis, W.J. 1976. Terminology of chemical releasing stimuli in intraspecific and interspecific interactions.J. Chem. Ecol. 2:211–220.Google Scholar
  19. Paine, T.D., Birch, M.C., andSvihra, P. 1981. Niche breadth and resource partitioning by four sympatric species of bark beetles (Coleoptera: Scolytidae).Oecologia 48:1–6.Google Scholar
  20. Pierce, H.D., Jr., Conn, J.E., Oehlschlager, A.C., andBorden, J.H. 1987. Monoterpene metabolism in female mountain pine beetles,Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopkins, attacking ponderosa pine.J. Chem. Ecol. 13:1455–1480.Google Scholar
  21. Seybold, S.J.,Wood, D.L.,West, J.R.,Silverstein, R.M.,Ohtsuka, T., andKubo, I. 1991. Laboratory investigations of the aggregation pheromone ofIps latidens (LeConte) (Coleoptera: Scolytidae).J. Chem. Ecol. In press.Google Scholar
  22. Shrimpton, D.M. 1972. Variation in the extractives from lodgepole pine sapwood and heartwood. Forestry Canada Information Report NOR-X-18.Google Scholar
  23. Shrimpton, D.M. 1973. Extractives associated with wound response of lodgepole pine attacked by the mountain pine beetle and associated microorganisms.Can. J. Bot. 51:527–534.Google Scholar
  24. Slessor, K.N., King, G.G.S., Miller, D.R., Winston, M.L., andCutforth, T.L. 1985. Determination of chirality of alcohol or latent alcohol semiochemicals in individual insects.J. Chem. Ecol. 11:1659–1667.Google Scholar
  25. Svihra, P., Paine, T.D., andBirch, M.C. 1980. Interspecific olfactory communications in southern pine beetles.Naturwissenschaften 67:518–520.Google Scholar
  26. Vité, J.P., Ohloff, G., andBillings, R.F. 1978. Pheromonal chirality and integrity of aggregation response in southern species of the bark beetleIps sp.Nature 272:817–818.Google Scholar
  27. Watterson, G.P., Payne, T.L., andRicherson, J.V. 1982. The effects of verbenone and brevicomin on the within-tree populations ofDendroctonus frontalis.J. Ga. Entomol. Soc. 17:118–126.Google Scholar
  28. Wood, D.L., Stark, R.W., Silverstein, R.M., andRodin, J.O. 1967. Unique synergistic effects produced by the principal sex attractant compounds ofIps confusus (LeConte) (Coleoptera: Scolytidae).Nature 215:206.Google Scholar
  29. Wood, S.L. 1982. The bark and ambrosia beetles of North and Central America (Coleoptera: Scolytidae), a taxonomic monograph. Great Basin Natur. Mem. 6.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel R. Miller
    • 1
  • John H. Borden
    • 1
  • G. G. S. King
    • 2
  • Keith N. Slessor
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Biological SciencesCentre for Pest ManagementCanada
  2. 2.Department of ChemistrySimon Fraser UniversityBurnabyCanada

Personalised recommendations