Volatile components of the occipital gland secretion of the bactrian camel (Camelus bactrianus)
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The male Bactrian camel's occipital scent gland produces a series of steroids including 5α-androst-16-en-3-one in addition to a series of fatty acids and γ-dodecalactone. 3-Methylbutanoic acid is the most volatile of the acids which include hexanoic, a decenoic, and the saturated acids from C15 to C25 with the exception of C24. The constitution of this secretion changes appreciably with the season.
Key wordsBactrian camel Camelus bactrianus occipital gland 5α-androst-16-en-3-one γ-dodecalactone 3-methylbutanoic acid
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