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Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 8, Issue 1, pp 163–175 | Cite as

(Z)-11-eicosen-1-ol, an important new pheromonal component from the sting of the honey bee,Apis mellifera L. (Hymenoptera, Apidae.)

  • J. A. Pickett
  • Ingrid H. Williams
  • A. P. Martin
Article

Abstract

(Z)-11-Eicosen-1-ol was identified by GC-MS and microchemical methods as a major volatile component, ca. 5 μg per insect, secreted by the sting apparatus of the worker honey bee. When presented on moving lures at the hive entrance, (Z)-11-eicosen-1-ol, like isopentyl acetate already known as an alarm pheromone, elicited stinging, and together these two compounds were as active as the natural pheromone from the sting. On stationary lures, (Z)-11-eicosen-1-ol prolonged the effectiveness of isopentyl acetate.

Key words

Honey bee Apis mellifera Hymenoptera Apidae pheromone (Z)-11-eicosen-1-ol sting EAG alarm pheromone mass spectrometry epoxides 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. A. Pickett
    • 1
  • Ingrid H. Williams
    • 1
  • A. P. Martin
    • 1
  1. 1.Rothamsted Experimental StationHarpendenEngland

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