Research in Higher Education

, Volume 20, Issue 3, pp 257–268 | Cite as

Two types of voluntary undergraduate attrition: Application of Tinto's model

  • Shelly B. Getzlaf
  • Gordon M. Sedlacek
  • Kathleen A. Kearney
  • Jane M. Blackwell
Article

Abstract

Tinto's model of institutional attrition was tested by comparing undergraduate students who had dropped out from Washington State University (WSU) one year prior to the study with a control sample of students who continued at WSU. Tinto's constructs of individual attributes, past educational experience, goal commitment, institutional commitment, social integration, and academic integration were operationalized using variables obtained from precollege records, academic records at the university, and a post-withdrawal survey. Setwise discriminant function analysis was used to discriminate between the attrition sample and the control sample using Tinto's constructs. Variables measuring individual attributes, past educational experience, institutional commitment, and academic integration all contributed significantly to the discriminant function when all other variables were controlled for. Tinto's model was also able to explain the differences between those attrition students who transferred to another institution and those who dropped out of higher education. Those that dropped out had a significantly lower academic ability, lower academic integration, lower goal commitment, and lower social integration.

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Copyright information

© Agathon Press, Inc. 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shelly B. Getzlaf
    • 1
  • Gordon M. Sedlacek
    • 1
  • Kathleen A. Kearney
    • 1
  • Jane M. Blackwell
    • 1
  1. 1.Washington State UniversityUSA

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