Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 135, Issue 1–2, pp 11–39

Reproductive biology in the primitive relic AngiospermDrimys brasiliensis (Winteraceae)

  • Gerhard Gottsberger
  • Ilse Silberbauer-Gottsberger
  • Friedrich Ehrendorfer
Article

DOI: 10.1007/BF00983005

Cite this article as:
Gottsberger, G., Silberbauer-Gottsberger, I. & Ehrendorfer, F. Pl Syst Evol (1980) 135: 11. doi:10.1007/BF00983005

Abstract

From field observations onDrimys brasiliensis, principally in the Botucatu region of São Paulo State, Brazil, new data on the reproductive biology, the rhythm of growth, and the development of lateral cymose inflorescences, flowers and fruits are presented. Pollination accelerates the rate of flower-development for about 4–6 days. Pollination experiments show thatD. brasiliensis is not self-sterile; because of mechanical devices the sticky pollen grains do not normally come into contact with the stigmata unless an animal pollen vector is involved. The pollinators are diurnalColeoptera, Diptera andThysanoptera which eat from the pollen, lick from the stigmatic exudates and (in case of the flies) probably also from the staminal glands. Fruit- and seedeaters are birds which seem to be the main dispersal agents. Establishment of new individuals normally is through seedlings, but also by vegetative propagation through plagiotropous branches which may root and separate from the mother plant. The morphological, developmental and reproductive aspects inD. brasiliensis are discussed in a wider context, compared with data from otherMagnoliidae, and related to aspects of early Angiosperm evolution.

Key words

Angiosperms Winteraceae Drimys brasiliensis Development of inflorescences flowers and fruits reproductive biology pollination seed dispersal vegetative propagation early Angiosperm evolution 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gerhard Gottsberger
    • 1
  • Ilse Silberbauer-Gottsberger
    • 1
  • Friedrich Ehrendorfer
    • 2
  1. 1.Departamento de Botânica, I.B.B.M.A., Campus de BotucatuUniversidade Estadual Paulista “Julio de Mesquita Filho”BotucatuBrazil
  2. 2.Institut für BotanikUniversität WienWienAustria

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