Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 132, Issue 4, pp 313–320 | Cite as

Pollination ofOpuntia lindheimeri and related species

  • Verne Grant
  • Karen A. Grant
  • Paul D. HurdJr.


The large, yellow, bowl-shaped flowers ofOpuntia lindheimeri, O. discata, O. phaeacantha major, andO. compressa in Texas are visited by various species of beetles and bees. The beetles and small bees (Perdita, Dialictus) are pollen thieves. The pollinators are the medium-sized and larger bees (Melissodes, Diadasia, Lithurge, Megachile, Agapostemon, etc.). Different species of theOpuntia lindheimeri group have the same pollination system and there is no evidence of any floral isolation between them. The pollination system of these species ofOpuntia in Texas is essentially the same as that ofEchinocereus fasciculatus andFerocactus wislizeni in Arizona.

Key words

Cactaceae Opuntia Bee pollination 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Verne Grant
    • 1
  • Karen A. Grant
    • 1
  • Paul D. HurdJr.
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of BotanyUniversity of TexasAustinUSA
  2. 2.Department of EntomologySmithsonian InstitutionWashingtonUSA

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