Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 17, Issue 3, pp 567–580 | Cite as

1-Octen-3-ol, attractive semiochemical for foreign grain beetle,Ahasverus advena (Waltl) (Coleoptera: Cucujidae)

  • A. M. Pierce
  • H. D. PierceJr.
  • A. C. Oehlschlager
  • J. H. Borden
Article

Abstract

Volatiles were captured on Porapak Q from foreign grain beetles,Ahasverus advena (Waltl), feeding on rolled oats at various population densities. At low population density, males, females, and mixed-sex beetles four to six weeks posteclosion and older produced 1-octen-3-ol. Mixed-sex beetles emitted almost pure (R)-(−) enantiomer. Weekly production rates of 1-octen-3-ol by males were at least four times greater than those of females. Production of 1-octen-3-ol was barely detectable in volatiles from mixed-sex adults maintained at the highest population density. Laboratory bioassays in a two-choice, pitfall olfactometer modified to retain responding beetles revealed that 1-octen-3-ol serves as an aggregation pheromone forA. advena. Both racemic and chiral 1-octen-3-ols were good attractants for mixed-sex adults in the pitfall olfactometer.

Key words

Ahasverus advena (Waltl) foreign grain beetle Coleoptera Cucujidae 1-octen-3-ol volatile attractant aggregation pheromone population density 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Brand, J.M., Bracke, J.W., Britton, L.N., Markovetz, A.J., andBarras, S.J. 1976. Bark beetle pheromones: production of verbenone by a mycangial fungus ofDendroctonus frontalis.J. Chem. Ecol. 2:195–199.Google Scholar
  2. Burkholder, W.E. 1981. Biomonitoring for stored-product insects, pp. 29–40,in E.R. Mitchell (ed.). Management of Insect Pests with Semiochemicals. Plenum, New York.Google Scholar
  3. Byers, J.A., andWood, D.L. 1981. Antibiotic-induced inhibition of pheromone synthesis in a bark beetle.Science 213:763–764.Google Scholar
  4. David, M.H., Mills, R.B., andSauer, D.B. 1974. Development and oviposition ofAhasverus advena (Waltl) (Coleoptera, Silvanidae) on seven species of fungi.J. Stored Prod. Res. 10:17–22.Google Scholar
  5. Dijkstra, F.Y., andWikén, T.O. 1976. Studies on mushroom flavours 1. Organoleptic significance of constituents of the cultivated mushroom,Agaricus bisporus.Z. Lebensm. Unters.-Forsch. 160:255–262.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Fukamizo, T., Speirs, R.D., andKramer, K.J. 1985. Comparative biochemistry of mycophagous and non-mycophagous grain beetles. Chitinolytic activities of foreign and sawtoothed grain beetles.Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 81B:207–209.Google Scholar
  7. Halstead, D.G.H. 1963. External sex differences in stored-products Coleoptera.Bull. Entomol. Res. 54:119–134.Google Scholar
  8. Kaminski, E., Libbey, L.M., Stawicki, S., andWasowicz, E. 1972. Identification of the predominant volatile compounds produced byAspergillus flavus.Appl. Microbiol. 24:721–726.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Kaminski, E., Stawicki, S., Wasowicz, E., andPrzybylski, R. 1973. Detection of deterioration of grain by gas chromatography.Ann. Technol. Agric. 22:401–407.Google Scholar
  10. Kaminski, E., Stawicki, S., andWasowicz, E. 1974. Volatile flavor compounds produced by molds ofAspergillus, Penicillium, andFungi imperfecti.Appl. Microbiol. 27:1001–1004.Google Scholar
  11. Kunesch, G., Zagatti, P., Pouvreau, A., andCassini, R. 1987. A fungal metabolite as the male wing gland pheromone of the bumble-bee wax moth,Aphomia sociellah.Z. Naturforsch. 42c:657–659.Google Scholar
  12. Levinson, H.Z., andLevinson, A.R. 1979. Trapping of storage insects by sex and food attractants as a tool of integrated control, pp. 327–341,in F.J. Ritter (ed.). Chemical Ecology: Odour communication in Animals. Elsevier/North-Holland Biomedical Press, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  13. Milner, M., Christensen, C.M., andGeddes, W.F. 1947. Grain storage studies. VI. Wheat respiration in relation to moisture content, mold growth, chemical deterioration and heating.Cereal Chem. 24:182–199.Google Scholar
  14. Mosandl, A., Heusinger, G., andGessener, M. 1986. Analytical and sensory differentiation of 1-octen-3-ol enantiomers.J. Agric. Food Chem. 34:119–122.Google Scholar
  15. Oehlschlager, A.C., Mishra, P., andDhami, S. 1984. Metal catalyzed rearrangements of allylic esters.Can. J. Chem. 62:791–797.Google Scholar
  16. Oehlschlager, A.C., Pierce, A.M., Pierce, H.D., Jr., andBorden, J.H. 1988. Chemical communication in cucujid grain beetles.J. Chem. Ecol. 14:2071–2098.Google Scholar
  17. Pierce, A.M., Borden, J.H., andOehlschlager, A.C. 1981. Olfactory response to beetle-produced volatiles and host-food attractants byOryzaephilus surinamensis andO. mercator.Can. J. Zool. 59:1980–1990.Google Scholar
  18. Pierce, A.M., Pierce, H.D., Jr., Borden, J.H., andOehlschlager, A.C. 1989. Production dynamics of cucujolide pheromones and identification of 1-octen-3-ol as a new aggregation pheromone forOryzaephilus surinamensis andO. mercator (Coleoptera: Cucujidae).Environ. Entomol. 18:747–755.Google Scholar
  19. Pierce, H.D., Jr., Pierce, A.M., Millar, J.G., Wong, J.W., Verigin, V.G., Oehlschlager, A.C., andBorden J.H. 1984. Methodology for isolation and analysis of aggregation pheromones in the generaCryptolestes andOryzaephilus (Coleoptera: Cucujidae), pp. 121–137,in Proceedings of the Third International Working Conference on Stored-Product Entomology. Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas.Google Scholar
  20. Pierce, H.D., Jr., Pierce, A.M., Johnston, B.D., Oehlschlager, A.C., andBorden, J.H. 1988. Aggregation pheromone of square-necked grain beetle,Cathartus quadricollis (Guér.)J. Chem. Ecol. 14:2169–2184.Google Scholar
  21. Pyysalo, H. 1976. Identification of volatile compounds in seven edible fresh mushrooms.Acta Chem. Scand. B. 30:235–244.Google Scholar
  22. Sinha, R.N., andWatters, F.L. 1985. Insect Pests of Flour Mills, Grain Elevators, and Feed Mills and their Control. Research Branch Agriculture Canada, Publication 1776.Google Scholar
  23. Slessor, K.N., King, G.G.S., Miller, D.R., Winston, M.L., andCutforth, T.L. 1985. Determination of chirality of alcohol or latent alcohol semiochemicals in individual insects.J. Chem. Ecol. 11:1659–1667.Google Scholar
  24. Tressl, R.D., Bahri, D., andEngel, K.-H. 1982. Formation of eight-carbon and ten-carbon components in mushrooms (Agaricus campestris).J. Agric. Food. Chetn. 30:89–93.Google Scholar
  25. Woodroffe, G.E., 1962. The status of the foreign grain bettle,Ahasverus advena (Waltl) (Col., Silvanidae), as a pest of stored products.Bull. Entomol. Res. 53:537–540.Google Scholar
  26. Wurzenberger, M. andGrosch, W. 1982. The enzymic oxidative breakdown of linoleic acid in mushrooms (Psalliota bispora).Z. Lebensm. Unters.-Forsch. 175:186–190.Google Scholar
  27. Zar, J.H. 1984. Biostatistical Analysis, 2nd ed. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. M. Pierce
    • 1
  • H. D. PierceJr.
    • 1
  • A. C. Oehlschlager
    • 1
  • J. H. Borden
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of ChemistrySimon Fraser UniversityBurnabyCanada
  2. 2.Centre for Pest Management Department of Biological SciencesSimon Fraser UniversityBurnabyCanada

Personalised recommendations