Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 19, Issue 11, pp 2605–2615 | Cite as

Influence of nonprotein nitrogen on estimation of protein from total nitrogen in fleshy fruits

  • Ido Izhaki


The protein content of pulps of 26 fleshy fruit species from east Mediterranean habitats in Israel were estimated using two different methods: (1) the Kjeldahl procedure in which the total recovered nitrogen is multiplied by 6.25 to estimate total proteins, and (2) amino acid analysis by amino acid analyzer. The average protein content obtained by the Kjeldahl procedure was 5.75% (dry weight) while it was only 3.90% when amino acids were analyzed. The higher value of protein content by the Kjeldahl procedure is most likely the result of a relatively high proportion of nonprotein nitrogen compounds (31%) in these pulps. Therefore the 6.25 factor is not valid and a 4.05 factor may be more accurate for assessing the true protein content of these fleshy fruits. The data also suggest that the more accurate estimate of true protein (Y) from Kjeldahl total nitrogen (X) should be based on the highly significant linear regression between these two variables:Y=4.885X−0.6.

Key words

Frugivory seed dispersal amino acids Kjeldahl protein fleshy fruit nutrition secondary compounds plant-animal interactions 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ido Izhaki
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyUniversity of Haifa at OranimTivonIsrael

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