Advertisement

Research in Higher Education

, Volume 32, Issue 6, pp 703–724 | Cite as

Academic misconduct among teacher education students: A descriptive-correlational study

  • Larry G. Daniel
  • Kevin D. Blount
  • Charlotte M. Ferrell
Article

Abstract

Results of a study to determine the extent to which teacher education students perceive their student peers to engage in various forms of academic misconduct are reported. A thirty-seven-item instrument was used to collect data from ninety-seven teacher education students at a southern comprehensive university. Items addressed the frequency of various cheating behaviors, the perceived maturity level of the persons most likely to cheat, and the degree to which respondents felt cheaters “neutralized” their cheating behaviors. Although cheating was not perceived as a major problem among teacher education students, a definite relationship between perceived neutralization and academic misconduct was noted.

Keywords

Teacher Education Education Research Education Student Maturity Level Definite Relationship 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Baird, John S. (1980). Current trends in college cheating.Psychology in the Schools 17: 515–522.Google Scholar
  2. Bowers, William J. (1964).Student Dishonesty and Its Control in College. New York: Columbia University Bureau of Applied Social Research.Google Scholar
  3. Campbell, W. G. (1933). Measurement in determining the personality and behavior of the college cribber.Education 54: 403–408.Google Scholar
  4. Cattell, R. B. (1966). The scree test for the number of factors.Multivariate Behavioral Research 1: 245–276.Google Scholar
  5. Cheating in colleges (1976, June 7).Time, pp. 29–30.Google Scholar
  6. Daniel, Larry G. (1989). Comparisons of exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Mid-South Educational Research Association, Little Rock, AR (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 314 447).Google Scholar
  7. Drake, C. A. (1941). Why students cheat.Journal of Higher Education 12: 418–420.Google Scholar
  8. Ellis, Arthur K., Cogan, John J., and Howey, Kenneth R. (1991).Introduction to the Foundations of Education, 3rd ed. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
  9. Fass, Richard A. (1986). By honor bound: Encouraging academic dishonesty.Educational Record 67: 32–36.Google Scholar
  10. Haines, Valerie J., Diekhoff, George M., LaBeff, Emily E., and Clark, Robert E. (1986). College cheating: Immaturity, lack of commitment, and the neutralizing attitude.Research in Higher Education 25: 342–354.Google Scholar
  11. Harnest, Pat W. (1986). The perceptions of student academic honesty by faculty and students in a school of nursing (cheating). Doctoral dissertation, North Texas State University.Dissertation Abstracts International 47: 2825A. University Microfilms No. 86-26,025.Google Scholar
  12. Harp, John, and Taietz, Philip (1966). Academic integrity and social structure: A study of cheating among college students.Social Problems 13: 365–373.Google Scholar
  13. Hartshorne, Hugh, and May, Mark A. (1928).Studies in Deceit. New York: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  14. Hawley, Christopher S. (1984). The thieves of academe: Plagiarism in the university system.Improving College and University Teaching 32: 35–39.Google Scholar
  15. Hetherington, E. Mavis, and Feldman, Solomon E. (1964). College cheating as a function of subject and situational variables.Journal of Educational Psychology 55: 212–218.Google Scholar
  16. Hilbert, G. A. (1985). Involvement of nursing students in unethical classroom and clinical behaviors.Journal of Professional Nursing 1: 230–234.Google Scholar
  17. Holleque, Kathryn L. (1982). Cheating behavior of college students. Doctoral dissertation, Montana State University.Dissertation Abstracts International 43: 88. University Microfilms No. 82-14,649.Google Scholar
  18. Houston, John P., and Ziff, Toni (1976). Effects of success and failure on cheating behavior.Journal of Educational Psychology 68: 371–376.Google Scholar
  19. Howells, T. H. (1938). Factors influencing honesty.Journal of Social Psychology 9: 97–102.Google Scholar
  20. Jacobson, Leonard I., Berger, Stephen E., and Millham, Jim (1970). Individual differences in cheating during a temptation period when confronting failure.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 15: 48–56.Google Scholar
  21. Kirk, Willis E. (1971). A study of faculty and student attitudes toward cheating at selected church-affiliated and secular colleges. Doctoral dissertation, Oklahoma State University.Dissertation Abstracts International 31: 5795A. University Microfilms No. 71-11, 192.Google Scholar
  22. Lamont, Lansing (1979).Campus Shock: A Firsthand Report on College Life Today. New York: E. P. Dutton.Google Scholar
  23. Levine, Arthur (1980).When Dreams and Heroes Died: A Portrait of Today's College Student. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  24. Mano, D. Keith (1987, June 5). The cheating industry.National Review, pp. 50, 52–53.Google Scholar
  25. McQueen, R. (1957). Examination deception as a function of residual, background, and immediate stimulus factors.Journal of Personality 25: 643–650.Google Scholar
  26. Michaels, James W., and Miethe, Terance D. (1989). Applying theories of deviance to academic cheating.Social Science Quarterly 70: 870–885.Google Scholar
  27. Montgomery, David B., and Morrison, Donald G. (1971).Adjusting R2. Cambridge, MA: Marketing Science Institute.Google Scholar
  28. Morris, M. R. (1967). Cheating among “honest” college students. Master's thesis, City University of New York.Masters Abstracts 6: 106. University Microfilms No. 13-01,314.Google Scholar
  29. Nelson, T. D., and Schaefer, Nicole (1986). Cheating among college students estimated with the randomized-response technique.College Student Journal 20: 321–325.Google Scholar
  30. Nucci, L., and Pascarella, E. T. (1987). The influence of college on moral development. In J. C. Smart (ed.),Higher Education: Handbook of Theory and Research. New York: Agathon, pp. 271–326.Google Scholar
  31. Parr, F. W. (1936). The problem of student honesty.Journal of Higher Education 7: 318–326.Google Scholar
  32. Pedhazur, Elazar J. (1982).Multiple Regression in Behavioral Research: Explanation and Prediction 2nd ed. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.Google Scholar
  33. Pratt, Cornelius B., and McLaughlin, Gerald W. (1989). An analysis of predictors of college students' ethical inclinations.Research in Higher Education 30: 195–219.Google Scholar
  34. Rich, John M. (1984).Professional Ethics in Education. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas.Google Scholar
  35. Rich, John M. (1985). The role of professional ethics in teacher education.Action in Teacher Education (7) (3): 21–24.Google Scholar
  36. Roizen, J., Fulton, O., and Trow, M. (1978).Technical Report: 1975 Carnegie Council National Surveys of Higher Education. Berkeley, CA: University of California Center for Studies in Higher Education.Google Scholar
  37. Scheers, N. J., and Dayton, C. Mitchell (1987). Improved estimation of academic cheating behavior using the randomized response technique.Research in Higher Education 26: 61–69.Google Scholar
  38. Selwall, G., Drake, S., and Lee, E. D. (1980, May 26). An epidemic of cheating.Newsweek, p. 63.Google Scholar
  39. Sherrill, David, Salisbury, J. L., Horowitz, Bernard, and Friedman, S. Thomas (1971). Classroom cheating: Consistent attitude, perceptions, and behavior.American Educational Research Journal 8: 503–510.Google Scholar
  40. Sichel, Betty A. (1990). The professional ethics of teachers in a democratic school. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the South Atlantic Philosophy of Education Society, Winston-Salem, NC. ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 317 519.Google Scholar
  41. Sierles, Frederick, Hendrick, Ingrid, and Circle, Sybil (1980). Cheating in medical school.Journal of Medical Education 55: 124–125.Google Scholar
  42. Singhal, Avinash C. (1982). Factors in student dishonesty.Psychological Reports 51: 775–780.Google Scholar
  43. Smith, Charles P., Ryan, Edward R., and Diggins, Dean R. (1972). Moral decision making: Cheating on examinations.Journal of Personality 40: 640–660.Google Scholar
  44. Soltis, Jonas F. (1986). Teaching professional ethics.Journal of Teacher Education 37(3): 2–4.Google Scholar
  45. Stafford, Thomas H. (1976).Academic Dishonesty at North Carolina State University: A Student-Faculty Response. Raleigh, NC: North Carolina State University. ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 169 846.Google Scholar
  46. Stern, Erica B., and Havlicek, Larry (1986). Academic misconduct: Results of faculty and undergraduate surveys.Journal of Allied Health 15: 129–142.Google Scholar
  47. Strike, Kenneth A., and Soltis, Jonas F. (1985).The Ethics of Teaching. New York: Teachers College Press.Google Scholar
  48. Thompson, B. (1990). Finding a correction in multivariate measures of relationship: A Monte Carlo study.Educational and Psychological Measurement 50: 15–31.Google Scholar
  49. Tom, Gail, and Borin, Norm (1988). Cheating in academe.Journal of Education for Business 63: 163–167.Google Scholar
  50. Trow, M. (ed.) (1975).Teachers and Students: Aspects of American Higher Education. New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  51. Wellborn, Stanley N. (1980, October 20). Cheating in college becomes an epidemic.U.S. News and World Report, pp. 39–40.Google Scholar
  52. Wilkinson, Judith M. (1974). The relation of two variations of classroom conditions, attitudes toward cheating, level of self-actualization, and certain demographic variables to the cheating behavior of college students. Doctoral dissertation, University of Toledo.Dissertation Abstracts International 34: 5671A. University Microfilms No. 74-06,938.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Larry G. Daniel
    • 1
  • Kevin D. Blount
    • 1
  • Charlotte M. Ferrell
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Educational Leadership & ResearchThe University of Southern MississippiHattiesburg

Personalised recommendations