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Journal of Traumatic Stress

, Volume 6, Issue 4, pp 533–543 | Cite as

Violence, trauma, and post-traumatic stress disorder among women drug users

  • Mindy Thompson Fullilove
  • Robert E. FulliloveIII
  • Michael Smith
  • Karen Winkler
  • Calvin Michael
  • Paula G. Panzer
  • Rodrick Wallace
Article

Abstract

In order to examine the association between the experience of violent events, trauma, and post-traumatic stress disorder among women drug users, 105 women in treatment for addictive disorders were interviewed. One hundred four of the study participants reported trauma in 1 or more of 14 categories of traumatic events, 59% of whom reported symptoms consistent with a diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder. Among those with PTSD, 97% reported one or more violent traumas as compared with 73% of those without PTSD. The likelihood of PTSD was strongly associated with the number of violent traumas reported by a woman. Women in recovery from drug addiction are likely to have a history of violent trauma and are at high risk for post-traumatic stress disorder. Screening for PTSD among women with an addictive disorder should become part of the diagnostic and treatment routine.

Key Words

violent events trauma post-traumatic stress disorder 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mindy Thompson Fullilove
    • 1
    • 2
  • Robert E. FulliloveIII
    • 1
    • 2
  • Michael Smith
    • 3
  • Karen Winkler
    • 1
  • Calvin Michael
    • 1
  • Paula G. Panzer
    • 1
  • Rodrick Wallace
    • 1
  1. 1.HIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral StudiesNew York State Psychiatric InstituteNew York
  2. 2.Department of Socio-Medical SciencesColumbia University School of Public HealthNew York
  3. 3.Lincoln Medical and Mental Health CenterSubstance Abuse DivisionBronx

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