Research in Higher Education

, Volume 23, Issue 1, pp 3–85 | Cite as

Do grades and tests predict adult accomplishment?

  • Leonard L. Baird


The relationship of measures of academic ability and grades with high level accomplishment was examined by reviewing a wide ranging literature. This literature included studies of the highly creative, scientists and technicians, physicians, high- and middle-level managers, and high school and college students. The Terman studies of the gifted were also reviewed. Finally, studies of occupational attainment and income were examined. A very wide variety of criteria were used in these studies. In general, the studies demonstrated low positive relationships between academic aptitude and/or grades and accomplishment. The closer the content of the measure of academic aptitude to the demands of the field, the stronger the relationship.


High School College Student Positive Relationship Education Research Terman Study 
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Copyright information

© Agathon Press, Inc 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leonard L. Baird
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Higher EducationUniversity of KentuckyUSA

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