Effect of cytidine diphosphate choline (CDP-choline) on ischemia-induced alterations of brain lipid in the gerbil
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Brain ischemia was produced in gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus) by the bilateral ligation of the carotid arteries. Definite changes in the energy status of brain demonstrated that carotid occlusion was effective. Five minutes before ligation, an intraventricular injection of either saline or cytidine diphosphate choline (CDP-choline, 0.6 μmol/brain, 3μl) was given to groups of animals. Control animals, with and without CDP-choline, together with the ischemic groups, were decapitated directly into liquid nitrogen; 10 min after arterial ligation. Brain free fatty acids, neutral lipids and phospholipids, which were labeled in vivo by the intraventricular injection of [1-14C] arachidonic acid (0.4–0.6 μCi, 6–9 nmol) 2 hr prior to ligation, were extracted, purified, and separated by thin-layer chromatographic procedures. The CDP-choline treatment noticeably corrected the increase of total and individual fatty acids due to ischemia and the increase of their radioactivity content. The changes in neutral lipids, particularly in the diacyl glycerol fraction, were also corrected by the injection of the nucleotide. CDP-choline partially reversed the decrease of brain phosphatidylcholine and of its labeling, which was due to ischemia. All the data indicate that the prior injection of CDP-choline stimulates the choline phosphotransferase reaction of brain towards synthesis of phosphatidylcholine and prevents the release of free fatty acids, particularly of arachidonic acid, associated with ischemia.
KeywordsArachidonic Acid Neutral Lipid Ischemic Group Intraventricular Injection Meriones Unguiculatus
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