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The Circular Mood Scale: A new technique of measuring ambulatory mood

  • Rolf G. Jacob
  • Anne D. Simons
  • Stephen B. Manuck
  • Jeffrey M. Rohay
  • Shari Waldstein
  • Constantine Gatsonis
Article

Abstract

This article presents a new method of assessing and quantifying qualitatively different mood states, the Circular Mood Scale. The method is suitable for self-monitoring of mood. It involves two parallel assessments, each based on one of two models of mood: the circumplex model and the prototypical model. In the main assessment, subjects record their mood states on a circular visual analogue scale, which can be scored for both quality and intensity of mood. The recordings on this circular scale are supplemented by an additional assessment in which subjects monitor a limited number of mood prototypes. We tested the Circular Mood Scale on four classes of mood stimuli: verbal mood descriptors, music, pictures of facial affects, and the subjects' own mood during hourly monitoring of mood for 2 days. We determined the stability and interrater reliability of the mood ratings, as well as construct and concurrent validity. The results indicated that the Circular Mood Scale has acceptable reliability and validity. Possible applications and limitations of the instrument are discussed.

Key words

mood assessment reliability validity circumplex model 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rolf G. Jacob
    • 1
  • Anne D. Simons
    • 1
  • Stephen B. Manuck
    • 2
  • Jeffrey M. Rohay
    • 1
  • Shari Waldstein
    • 2
  • Constantine Gatsonis
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry, Western Psychiatric Institute and ClinicUniversity of Pittsburgh School of MedicinePittsburgh
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Pittsburgh School of MedicinePittsburgh

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