Formation of Bi(II) and Bi(IV) in aqueous hydrochloric solutions of Bi(III)

  • A. I. Aleksandrov
  • I. E. Makarov
Inorganic Chemistry


  1. 1.

    The formation of bismuth(II) and bismuth(IV) under the action of ionizing radiation on hydrochloric acid solutions of bismuth(III) has been shown by low-temperature and pulse radiolysis. The kinetics of bismuth(IV) disappearance at 300°K have a complex nature and would seem to be caused both by the disproportionation of bismuth (IV) and the reaction of bismuth(IV) with bismuth(II), which leads to bismuth(III).

  2. 2.

    The properties of bismuth (IV), which is formed from the reaction of Cl2 with bismuth (III) agree with previously established relationships on the variation in optical transition energies and the unpaired electron density at the s atomic orbital of the ion for the series of isoelectronic ions mercury (I), thallium (II), lead (III), and bismuth (IV) in the2S1/2 state.



Radiation Mercury Acid Solution Hydrochloric Acid Bismuth 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature cited

  1. 1.
    A. K. Pikaev, S. A. Kabakchi, I. E. Makarov, and B. G. Ershov, Pulse Radiolysis and Its Applications [in Russian], Atomizdat, Moscow (1980).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    L. V. Makhonina, M. V. Panchvidze, and E. M. Nanabashvili, Soobshch. Akad. Nauk GSSR,81, 613 (1976).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    M. V. Panchvidze, L. V. Makhonina, and E. M. Nanobashvili, Soobshch. Akad, Nauk GSSR,82, 377 (1976).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    A. I. Aleksandrov, B. G. Ershov, A. K. Pikaev, and V. I. Spitsyn, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. Khim., 249 (1976).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    I. P. Selinov, Isotopes [in Russian], Nauka, Moscow (1970).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    B. G. Ershov and A. I. Aleksandrov, Teor. Eksp. Khim.,14, 679 (1978).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    G. Breit and I. I. Rabi, Phys. Rev.,38, 2082 (1931).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    A. F. Cotton and G. Wilkinson, Basic Inorganic Chemistry, Wiley (1976).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    A. I. Aleksandrov, G. V. Lonova and B. G. Ershov, Int. J. Radiat. Phys. Chem.,13, 199 (1979).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    A. I. Aleksandrov, Dissertation, Moscow (1980).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. I. Aleksandrov
    • 1
  • I. E. Makarov
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Physical ChemistryAcademy of Sciences of the USSRMoscow

Personalised recommendations