Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy

, Volume 13, Issue 1, pp 70–76

Trance and confusion in Gestalt therapy

  • Robert C. Wright

DOI: 10.1007/BF00946203

Cite this article as:
Wright, R.C. J Contemp Psychother (1982) 13: 70. doi:10.1007/BF00946203


This article introduces hypnotic principles of confusion and trance as fundamental operations in Gestalt therapy. A process is identified which utilizes perceptual shifts of reference as a method of organizing Gestalt techniques. The sequence of operations constituting the confusion process is outlined and developed in a psychotherapy session through the use of implication, dissociation, and embodiment. The development of this organization of Gestalt therapy is intended to enhance the strategic capacities of therapists.

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert C. Wright
    • 1
  1. 1.Dodgeville

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