Urological Research

, Volume 25, Supplement 1, pp S25–S30 | Cite as

p53 protein expression but not mdm-2 protein expression is associated with rapid tumor cell proliferation and prognosis in renal cell carcinoma

  • H. Moch
  • G. Sauter
  • T. C. Gasser
  • N. Buchholz
  • L. Bubendorf
  • J. Richter
  • F. Jiang
  • A. Dellas
  • M. J. Mihatsch
Original Paper


The clinical course of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is highly variable. Overexpression of the p53 protein has been suggested as a possible prognostic parameter in RCC. Overexpression of the mdm-2 oncogene product has been shown to interact with the p53 function. To investigate the immunohistochemical overexpression of mdm-2 protein in comparison with that of p53 protein in RCC, 50 nonpapillary pT3 RCCs were immunostained for p53 protein (DO-7) and mdm-2 (1172). Tumor growth fraction (Ki-67 labeling index; MIB-1) was determined by immunohistochemistry. p53 positivity was detected in 16% of tumors. mdm-2 overexpression was seen in 30% of RCCs. There was a significant association between p53 and mdm-2 immunostaining (P=0.0006), suggesting that mdm-2 protein may contribute to p53 protein stabilization in RCC. p53 overexpression was associated with a high Ki-67 LI (P=0.0002), suggesting that p53 overexpression is involved in growth control in RCC. Survival analysis showed that Ki-67 LI (P=0.04) and p53 overexpression were associated with poor prognosis (P=0.0021), whereas mdm-2 overexpression was not related to patient outcome (P=0.73). A Cox regression analysis revealed tumor stage (P<0.001) and p53 overexpression (P<0.05) to be independent prognostic parameters. It is concluded that p53 but not mdm-2 may be of practical relevance in predicting patient prognosis in RCC.

Key words

Renal cell carcinoma Prognosis p53 mdm-2 Survival Proliferation 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Moch
    • 1
  • G. Sauter
    • 1
  • T. C. Gasser
    • 2
  • N. Buchholz
    • 2
  • L. Bubendorf
    • 1
  • J. Richter
    • 1
  • F. Jiang
    • 1
  • A. Dellas
    • 3
  • M. J. Mihatsch
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of PathologyUniversity of BaselBaselSwitzerland
  2. 2.Clinics of UrologyUniversity of BaselBaselSwitzerland
  3. 3.Clinics of GynecologyUniversity of BaselBaselSwitzerland

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