Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 173, Issue 3–4, pp 159–178 | Cite as

The pollen morphology ofOdontites (Scrophulariaceae) and its taxonomic significance

  • Markus Bolliger
  • Lucia Wick


The pollen morphology of 29 species ofOdontites and related genera was examined by light and scanning electron microscopy. Three major pollen types differing fundamentally in exine sculpturing were found. In the parasitic tribePedicularieae retipilate sculpturing is the most widespread type representing a plesiomorphic character state from which the two other types are derived. Of these, reticulate sculpturing is confined toOdontites, whereas a complex retirugulate pattern was found only in the monotypic Near East genusBornmuellerantha. Within the retipilate and the reticulate major types eight minor types were distinguished based on the differential correlation of exine surface morphology, size, shape and amb form. The pollen data are generally well correlated with macromorphological features and furnish important taxonomic characters at the genus—as well as at the specieslevel.

Key words

Angiosperms Scrophulariaceae Odontites Odontitella Macrosyringion Bornmuellerantha Omphalothrix Euphrasia Bartsia Parentucellia Pollen morphology exine sculpturing 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Markus Bolliger
    • 1
  • Lucia Wick
    • 1
  1. 1.Systematisch-Geobotanisches Institut der UniversitätBernSwitzerland

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