Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 23, Issue 2, pp 92–98 | Cite as

Industrial optimization of acetone-butanol fermentation: a study of the utilization of Jerusalem artichokes

  • R. Marchal
  • D. Blanchet
  • J. P. Vandecasteele


Acetone-butanol fermentation of the Jerusalem artichoke has been studied as a case for systematic investigation of the industrial optimization of both strain selection and fermentation operation. Hydrolysis of the inulinic oligofructans of the substrate was found necessary for optimal performance but could be achieved with a selected strain using a moderate amount of inulinase added at the beginning of the fermentation. Apart from ammonia, no nutritional supplementation of the medium was found necessary. The marked influence of pH in the fermentation performance prompted a detailed search for a method of controlling pH during fermentation. With an optimized procedure, solvent production of 23–24 g/l were obtained in 36 h. Detailed fermentation balances are presented. An industrial process for ABE production from Jerusalem artichoke or sugar beet has been defined and tested in the pilot plant.


Fermentation Sugar Beet Optimal Performance Systematic Investigation Pilot Plant 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Marchal
    • 1
  • D. Blanchet
    • 1
  • J. P. Vandecasteele
    • 1
  1. 1.Direction de Recherche “Biotechnologie et Environnement” Institut Français du PétroleRueil-MalmaisonFrance

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