American Journal of Community Psychology

, Volume 20, Issue 3, pp 333–347 | Cite as

The relation of peer social support and psychological symptomatology during the transition to junior high school: A two-year longitudinal analysis

  • Barton J. Hirsch
  • David L. DuBois


High School Social Support Social Psychology Health Psychology Longitudinal Analysis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Abramowitz, R., Petersen, A., & Schulenberg, J. (1984). Changes in self-image during early adolescence. In D. Offer, E. Ostrov, & K. Howard (Eds.),Patterns of adolescent self-image (pp. 19–28). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  2. Belle, D. (Ed.) (1989).Children's social networks and social supports. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  3. Berndt, T. J. (1989). Obtaining support from friends during childhood and adolescence. In D. Belle (Ed.),Children's social networks and supports (pp. 308–331). New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  4. Berndt, T. J., & Hawkins, J. (1988).The contribution of supportive friendships to adjustment after the transition to junior high school. Unpublished manuscript. W. Lafayette, IN: Purdue University.Google Scholar
  5. Bogat, G. A., Jones, J. W., & Jason, L. A. (1980). School transitions: Preventive intervention following an elementary school closing.Journal of Community Psychology, 8, 343–352.Google Scholar
  6. Burke, R. J., & Weir, T. (1978). Benefits to adolescents of informal helping relationships with their parents and peers.Psychological Reports, 42, 1175–1184.Google Scholar
  7. Cauce, A. M. (1986). Social networks and social competence: Exploring the effects of early adolescent friendships.American Journal of Community Psychology, 14, 607–628.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Cohen, J., & Cohen, P. (1975).Applied multiple regression/correlation analysis for the behavioral sciences. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  9. Coyne, J. C. (1978). Depression and the response of others.Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 85, 185–193.Google Scholar
  10. Crockett, L. J., Petersen, A. C., Graber, J. A., Schulenberg, J. E., & Ebata, A. (1989). School transitions and adjustment during early adolescence.Journal of Early Adolescence, 9, 181–210.Google Scholar
  11. Depue, R. A., & Monroe, S. M. (1986). Conceptualization and measurement of human disorder in life stress research: The problem of chronic disturbance.Psychological Bulletin, 99, 36–51.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Derogatis, L., & Spencer, P. (1982).The Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI): Administration, scoring, and procedures manual — I. Baltimore, MD: Division of Medical Psychology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.Google Scholar
  13. DuBois, D. L., Brand, S., & Felner, R. D. (1990).Life stress and social support: A longitudinal study of their effects on early adolescence. Paper presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research on Adolescence, Atlanta, GA, March.Google Scholar
  14. Dubow, E. F., & Tisak, J. (1989). The relation between stressful life events and adjustment in elementary school children: The role of social support and social problem-solving skills.Child Development, 60, 1412–1423.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Dubow, E. F., & Ullman, D. G. (1989). Assessing social support in elementary school children: The survey of children's social support.Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 18, 52–64.Google Scholar
  16. Dubow, E. F., Tisak, J., Causey, D., Hryshko, A., & Reid, G. (1991). A two-year longitudinal study of stressful life events, social support, and social problem-solving skills: Contributions to children's behavioral and academic adjustment.Child Development, 62, 583–599.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Eccles, J., Wigfield, A., Reuman, D., & Maciver, D. (1987).Changes in self-perception and values at early adolescence. Paper presented at the meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Washington, DC, April.Google Scholar
  18. Epstein, J. L. (1983). The influence of friends on achievement and affective outcomes. In J. L. Epstein & N. Karweit (Eds.),Friends in school: Patterns of selection and influence in secondary schools (pp. 177–200). New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  19. Feldman, S. S., Rubenstein, J. L., & Rubin, C. (1988). Depressive affect and restraint in early adolescents: Relationships with family structure, family process and friendship support.Journal of Early Adolescence, 8, 279–296.Google Scholar
  20. Felner, R. D., Ginter, M., & Primavera, J. (1982). Primary prevention during school transitions: Social support and environmental structure.American Journal of Community Psychology, 10, 277–290.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Greenberg, M. T., Siegel, J. M., & Leitch, C. J. (1983). The nature and importance of attachment relationships to parents and peers during adolescence.Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 12, 373–386.Google Scholar
  22. Hirsch, B. J. (1991). Protective and risk factors. In R. Lerner, A. Petersen, & J. Brooks-Gunn (Eds.),Encyclopedia of adolescence (pp. 856–857). New York: Garland.Google Scholar
  23. Hirsch, B. J., & DuBois, D. L. (1989). The school/nonschool ecology of early adolescent friendships. In D. Belle (Ed.),Children's social networks and supports (pp. 164–173). New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  24. Hirsch, B. J., & DuBois, D. L. (1991). Self-esteem in early adolescence: The identification and prediction of contrasting longitudinal trajectories.Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 20, 53–72..Google Scholar
  25. Hirsch, B. J., & Rapkin, B. D. (1987). The transition to junior high school: A longitudinal study of self-esteem, psychological symptomatology, school life, and social support.Child Development, 58, 1235–1243.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Hirsch, B. J., & Reischl, T. (1985). Social networks and developmental psychopathology: A comparison of adolescent children of a depressed, arthritic, or normal parent.Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 94, 272–281.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Jason, L. A., & Bogat, G. A. (1983). Evaluating a preventive orientation program.Journal of Social Service Research, 7(2), 39–49.Google Scholar
  28. Kessler, R. C., Price, R. H., & Wortman, C. B. (1985). Social factors in psychopathology: Stress, social support, and coping processes.Annual Review of Psychology, 36, 531–572.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Newcomb, M. D., & Bentler, P. M. (1988). Impact of adolescent drug use and social support on problems of young adults: A longitudinal study.Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 97, 64–75.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Nottleman, E. D. (1987). Competence and self-esteem during transition from childhood to adolescence.Developmental Psychology, 19, 257–268.Google Scholar
  31. Pedhazur, E. J. (1982).Multiple regression in behavioral research (2nd Ed.). New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.Google Scholar
  32. Rowlison, R. T., & Felner, R. D. (1988). Major life events, hassles, and adaptation in adolescence: Confounding in the conceptualization and measurement of life stress and adjustment revisited.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 55, 432–444.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Sameroff, A. J., Fiese, B. H. (1989). Conceptual issues in prevention. In D. Shaffer, I. Philips, & N. B. Enzer (Eds.),Prevention of mental disorders, alcohol and other drug use in children and adolescents (DHHS Publication No. ADM 89-1646, pp. 23–53). Rockville, MD: Office for Substance Abuse Prevention, Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration.Google Scholar
  34. Sandler, I. N., Miller, P., Short, J., & Wolchik, S. A. (1989). Social support as a protective factor for children in stress. In D. Belle (Ed.),Children's social networks and supports (pp. 277–307). New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  35. Sarason, B. R., Sarason, I. G., & Pierce, G. R. (Eds.) (1990).Social support: An interactional view. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  36. Simmons, R. G., & Blyth, D. A. (1987).Moving into adolescence: The impact of pubertal change and school context. New York: Aldine De Gruyter.Google Scholar
  37. Sloan, V. J., Jason, L. A., & Bogat, G. A. (1984). A comparison of orientation methods for elementary school transfer students.Child Study Journal, 14, 47–60.Google Scholar
  38. Steiger, J. H. (1980). Tests for comparing elements of a correlation matrix.Psychological Bulletin, 87, 245–251.Google Scholar
  39. Wills, T. A. (1986). Stress and coping in early adolescence: Relationships to substance use in urban school samples.Health Psychology, 5, 503–529.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. Wolchik, S. A., Ruehlman, L. S., Braver, S. L., & Sandler, I. N. (1989). Social support of children of divorce: Direct and stress buffering effects.American Journal of Community Psychology, 17, 485–501.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. Youniss, J. (1980).Parents and peers in social development. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  42. Youniss, J., & Volpe, J. (1978). A relational analysis of children's friendship. In W. Damon (Ed.),Social cognition (No. 1, pp. 1–22). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barton J. Hirsch
    • 1
  • David L. DuBois
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Education and Social PolicyNorthwestern UniversityEvanston
  2. 2.University of MissouriUSA

Personalised recommendations