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Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 176, Issue 3–4, pp 145–177 | Cite as

Taxonomy and phylogeny of the tribePlucheeae (Asteraceae)

  • Arne A. Anderberg
Article

Abstract

The tribePlucheeae (Benth.)A. Anderb., has been analysed cladistically by means of a computerized parsimony program (Hennig 86), using theArctotideae as outgroup. The results of the analysis are presented in a consensus tree and one cladogram. Four major monophyletic subgroups can be recognized: TheColeocoma group (3 genera), thePterocaulon group (3 genera), theLaggera group (6 genera), and thePluchea group (12 genera). All recognized genera are described and most genera are supplied with taxonomical notes including comments on their taxonomic status. Genera such asBlumea, Pluchea, andEpaltes are demonstrated to be unnatural assemblages.Monarrhenus andTessaria are both closely related to thePluchea complex. The old generic nameLitogyneHarv. has been taken up for one species ofEpaltes, the genusRhodogeron is reduced to a synonym ofSachsia, and the following new combinations are made;Litogyne gariepina (DC.)A. Anderb., andSachsia coronopifolia (Griseb.)A. Anderb.

Key words

Angiosperms Asteraceae Plucheeae Cladistics phylogeny taxonomy 

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© Springer-Verlag 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arne A. Anderberg
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Phanerogamic BotanySwedish Museum of Natural HistoryStockholmSweden

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