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Chromosome banding patterns in Lettuce species (Lactuca sect.Lactuca, Compositae)

Abstract

Chromosome banding patterns obtained with C- and N- banding, and AgNO3 staining were studied in somatic metaphase complements of fourLactuca species.L. sativa andL. serriola have almost identical chromosome morphology, andL. saligna differs only slightly from them, butL. virosa is quite distinct from the other species. A gross comparison of the banded karyotypes suggests a closer relationship ofL. saligna toL. sativa/serriola than toL. virosa. Our data agree with the results of previous crossing experiments in these species but conflict partly with recent RFLP data which indicate a closer phenetic relationship ofL. saligna toL. virosa than toL. sativa/serriola. Such a discrepancy may be explained assuming that domestication ofL. sativa/serriola resulted in an increased selection pressure on unique DNA sequences as demonstrated by the RFLP data. Differential evolution of specific heterochromatin classes (and presumably of highly repetitive DNA classes), as revealed by chromosome banding techniques was not linked to domestication. Thus the disparity in conclusions about relationship (in terms of genetic similarity) as based on the different experimental approaches reflects a non-parallel evolution of highly repetitive vs. unique DNA classes.

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Koopman, W.J.M., De Jong, J.H. & De Vries, I.M. Chromosome banding patterns in Lettuce species (Lactuca sect.Lactuca, Compositae). Pl Syst Evol 185, 249–257 (1993). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00937661

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Key words

  • Compositae
  • Lactuca sect.Lactuca
  • Lactuca sativa
  • L. serriola
  • L. saligna
  • L. virosa
  • Chromosome banding
  • karyotype evolution
  • C-banding
  • N-banding
  • Ag-NOR staining