Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 158, Issue 2–4, pp 211–223 | Cite as

The special Golgi-ER-mitochondrium unit in the diatom genusCoscinodiscus

  • Anna-Maria M. Schmid
Article

Abstract

As an exception among diatoms, dictyosomes inCoscinodiscus wailesii andC. centralis form throughout the vegetative cell cycle a complex functional unit with a mitochondrium via an ER-cisterna. Ultrathin sections of spermatogonangia ofC. wailesii revealed that these G-ER-M (Golgi-ER-Mitochondrium) associations are maintained also during spermatogenesis. A dissociation of the G-ER-M-unit occurred however, whenC. wailesii cells formed protoplasts under the influence of the antimicrotubular herbicide APM, leading also to the dissociation of the Golgi stack itself. Lamellar membrane profiles, resembling Golgi membranes were seen to align with the plasmalemma of the protoplasts. These observations are discussed in comparison to the G-ER-M-units found in the xanthophyte algaVaucheria and the oomyceteSaprolegnia.

Key words

Diatoms Coscinodiscus Amiprophos-Methyl (APM) dictyosomes endoplasmic reticulum Golgi apparatus mitochondria spermatogenesis 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Al-Kubaisy, K. H., Schwantes, H. O., Seibold, G., 1981: Cytophotometrische Untersuchungen zum Generationswechsel autotropher und heterotropher siphonaler Organismen (Vaucheria sessilis undSaprolegnia ferax). — Nova Hedwigia34, 301–316.Google Scholar
  2. Bisalputra, T., 1974: Plastids. — InStewart, W. D. P., (Ed.): Algal Physiology and Biochemistry, pp. 124–160. — Botanical Monographs10. — Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  3. Bold, H. C., Wynne, M. J., 1985: Introduction to the Algae, pp. 662. — Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall Inc.Google Scholar
  4. Buschmann, R. J., 1983: Morphometry of the small intestinal enterocytes of the fasted rat and the effects of colchicine. — Cell Tissue Res.231, 289–299.Google Scholar
  5. Drum, R. W., 1966: Electron microscopy of paired Golgi structures in the diatomPinnularia nobilis. — J. Ultrastruct. Res.15, 100–107.Google Scholar
  6. —, 1964: Post mitotic fine structure ofGomphonema parvulum. — J. Ultrastruct. Res.10, 217–223.Google Scholar
  7. Duke, E. L., Reimann, B. E. F., 1977: The ultrastructure of the diatom cell. — InWerner, D., (Ed.): The Biology of Diatoms, pp. 65–109. — Botanical Monographs13. — Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  8. Edgar, L. A., 1980: Fine structure ofCaloneis amphisbaena. — J. Phycol.16, 62–72.Google Scholar
  9. Francisco, A. de, Roth, D. E., 1977: The marine diatomStriatella unipunctata. I. Cytoplasmic fine structure with emphasis on the Golgi apparatus. — Cytobiologie14, 191–206.Google Scholar
  10. Geitler, L., 1948: Die Differenzierung des Protoplasten der DiatomeeSynedra. — Österr. Bot. Z.95, 345–361.Google Scholar
  11. Greenwood, A. D., 1959: Observations on the structure of the zoospores ofVaucheria, II. — J. Exp. Bot.10, 55–68.Google Scholar
  12. Hausmann, K., 1977: Development of compound trichocysts in the ciliatePseudomicrothorax dubius. — Protoplasma92, 263–268.Google Scholar
  13. Heath, I. B., Greenwood, A. D., 1971: Ultrastructural observations on the kinetosomes and Golgi bodies during the asexual life cycle ofSaprolegnia. — Z. Zellforsch.112, 371–389.Google Scholar
  14. —, 1972: Observations on the ultrastructure of the male gamete ofBiddulphia levis Ehr. — J. Phycol.8, 51–59.Google Scholar
  15. Hertel, C., Quader, H., Robinson, D. G., Marmé, D., 1980: Anti-microtubular herbicides and fungicides affect Ca2+ transport in plant mitochondria. — Planta149, 336–340.Google Scholar
  16. Hoops, H. J., Floyd, G. L., 1979: Ultrastructure of the centric diatomCyclotella meneghiniana; vegetative cell and auxospore development. — Phycologia18, 424–435.Google Scholar
  17. Lauterborn, R., 1896:Untersuchungen über Bau, Kernteilung und Bewegung der Diatomeen. — Leipzig: Engelmann, 165 pp.Google Scholar
  18. Li, C. W., Volcani, B. E., 1985: Studies on the biochemistry and fine structure of silica shell formation in diatoms. X. Morphogenesis of the labiate process in centric diatoms. — Protoplasma124, 147–156.Google Scholar
  19. Lim, B. L., Kawai, H., Hori, H., Osawa, S., 1986: Molecular evolution of 5S rRNA from red and brown algae. — Jap. J. Genet.61, 169–176.Google Scholar
  20. Manton, I., Kowallik, K., Stosch, H. A. von, 1969: Observations on the fine structure and development of the spindle at mitosis and meiosis in a marine centric diatom (Lithodesmium undulatum). I. Preliminary survey of mitosis in spermatogonia. — J. Microscopy89, 295–320.Google Scholar
  21. —, 1970:Lithodesmium undulatum IV. The second meiotic division and conclusion. — J. Cell Science7, 407–444.Google Scholar
  22. Moestrup, O., 1970: On the fine structure of the spermatozoids ofVaucheria sescuplicaria and on the later stages of spermatogenesis. — J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K.50, 513–523.Google Scholar
  23. Morejohn, L. C., Fosket, D. E., 1984: Inhibition of plant microtubule polymerization in vitro by the phosphoric amide herbicide Amiprophos-Methyl. — Science224, 874–876.Google Scholar
  24. Ott, D. W., Brown, R. M., 1974: Developmental cytology of the genusVaucheria I. Organisation of the vegetative filament. — Brit. Phycol. J.9, 111–126.Google Scholar
  25. —, 1975: Developmental cytology of the genusVaucheria III. Emergence, settlement and germination of the mature zoospore ofV. fontinalis. — Brit. Phycol. J.10, 49–56.Google Scholar
  26. —, 1978: Developmental cytology of the genusVaucheria IV. Spermatogenesis. — Brit. Phycol. J.13, 69–85.Google Scholar
  27. Pascher, A., 1921: Über die Übereinstimmung zwischen den Diatomeen, Heterokonten und Chrysomonaden. — Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges.39, 236–248.Google Scholar
  28. Pavelka, M., Ellinger, A., 1981: Effect of colchicine on the Golgi apparatus of rat jejunal absorptive cells. Ultrastructural localization of thiamine pyrophosphatase and acid phosphatase activity. — Europ. J. Cell Biol.24, 53–61.Google Scholar
  29. —, 1983: Effect of colchicine on the Golgi complex of rat pancreatic acinar cells. — J. Cell Biol.97, 737–748.Google Scholar
  30. Pickett-Heaps, J. D., Hill, D. R. A., Wetherbee, R., 1986: Cellular movement in the centric diatomOdontella sinensis. — J. Phycol.22, 334–339.Google Scholar
  31. Reimann, B. E. F., 1964: Deposition of silica inside a diatom cell. — Exp. Cell Res.34, 605–608.Google Scholar
  32. Round, F. E., Crawford, R. M., 1981: The lines of evolution of theBacillariophyta. I. Origin. — Proc. Roy. Soc. London,B 211, 237–260.Google Scholar
  33. Schmid, A. M., 1984a: Tricornate spines inThalassiosira eccentrica as a result of valve modelling. — InMann, D. G., (Ed.): Proc. 7th Internat. Diatom Sympos. Philadelphia 1982, pp. 71–95. — Koenigstein: Koeltz.Google Scholar
  34. - 1984b: Wall morphogenesis inThalassiosira eccentrica: comparison of auxospore formation and the effect of MT-inhibitors. — Ibid., pp. 47–70.Google Scholar
  35. —, 1984c: Valve morphogenesis in diatoms. — In Diatoms I. Shells in nature and technics. — Comm.Il 28, 300–317.Google Scholar
  36. —, 1986a: Wall morphogenesis inCoscinodiscus wailesii II. Cytoplasmic events of valve morphogenesis. — InRicard, M., (Ed.): Proc. 8th Internat. Diatom Sympos. Paris 1984, pp. 293–314. — Koenigstein: Koeltz.Google Scholar
  37. - 1986b: Organization and function of cell structures in diatoms and their morphogenesis. — Ibid., pp. 271–292.Google Scholar
  38. —, 1987a: Morphogenetic forces in diatom cell wall formation. — InBereiter-Hahn, J., Anderson, O. R., Reif, W. E., (Eds.): Cytomechanics pp. 183–199. — Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, Tokyo: Springer.Google Scholar
  39. —, 1987b: Wall morphogenesis in centric diatoms. — InWiessner, W., Robinson, D. G., Starr, R. C., (Eds.): Molecular and Cellular Aspects of Algae Development, pp. 34–41. — Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, Tokyo: Springer.Google Scholar
  40. —, 1979: Wall morphogenesis in diatoms: deposition of silica by cytoplasmic vesicles. — Protoplasma100, 267–288.Google Scholar
  41. Schnepf, E., Deichgräber, G., 1969: Über die Feinstruktur vonSynura petersenii unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Morphogenese ihrer Kieselschuppen. — Protoplasma68, 85–106.Google Scholar
  42. —, 1980: Morphogenetic process inAttheya decora (Biddulphiinae). — Pl. Syst. Evol.135, 265–277.Google Scholar
  43. Scott, J. L., Dixon, P. S., 1973: Ultrastructure of tetrasporogenesis in the marine red algaPtilota hypnoides. — J. Phycol.9, 29–46.Google Scholar
  44. Sievers, A., Schnepf, E., 1981: Morphogenesis and polarity of tubular cells with tip growth. — InKiermayer, O., (Ed.): Cytomorphogenesis in Plants, pp. 265–300. — Cell Biology Monographs8. — Wien, New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  45. Stosch, H. A. von, 1954: Die Oogamie vonBiddulphia mobiliensis und die bisher bekannten Auxosporenbildungen bei denCentrales. — Rapp. Comm. VIIIe Congr. Int. Bot. Sect.17, 58–68.Google Scholar
  46. —, 1962: Über das Perizonium der Diatomeen. — Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges.1, 43–53.Google Scholar
  47. —, 1982: On auxospore envelopes in diatoms. — Bacillaria5, 127–156.Google Scholar
  48. Walker, G. K., Sicko-Goad, L., Stoermer, E. F., 1979: An ultrastructural examination of the pennate diatomCaloneis amphisbaena. — Microbios Letters12, 141–152.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anna-Maria M. Schmid
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für PflanzenphysiologieUniversität SalzburgSalzburgAustria

Personalised recommendations