Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 163, Issue 1–2, pp 21–29 | Cite as

Floral biological observations onHeliamphora tatei (Sarraceniaceae) and other plants from Cerro de la Neblina in Venezuela

  • Susanne S. Renner
Article

Abstract

During 20 days in 1985, floral biological observations were made at 1 850–2 100m elevation on Cerro de la Neblina in Venezuela.Heliamphora tatei var.neblinae (Sarraceniaceae) is nectarless and has poricidal anthers.Heliamphora tatei, Graffenrieda fruticosa, G. polymera, G. reticulata, Tocca pachystachya, T. tepuiensis (Melastomataceae),Saxofridericia compressa, andStegolepsis neblinensis (Rapateaceae), are buzz-pollinated by ten species ofBombus, Eulaema, Melipona, Centris, Xylocopa, Dialictus, andNeocorynura. Additional observations of floral visits on tepui species ofGentianaceae, Loranthaceae, Malpighiaceae, Ericaceae, Orchidaceae, andAsteraceae are reported. Visitors include the hummingbirdCampylopterus duidae, the flower-piercerDiglossa duidae, the nectarivorous batAnoura geoffroyi, and various species ofCentris andBombus bees. Scent baits for euglossine bees attracted very few bees.Apis mellifera adansonii-scutellata, the africanized honey bee, was caught at 1 850m elevation.

Key words

Angiosperms Sarraceniaceae Melastomataceae Rapateaceae Gentianaceae Loranthaceae Malpighiaceae Ericaceae Orchidaceae Campylopterus duidae Diglossa duidae Anoura geoffroyi africanized honey bee Pollination by bees buzz pollination Flora of Neblina 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ackerman, J. D., 1986: Mechanisms and evolution of food-deceptive pollination systems in orchids. — Lindleyana1: 108–113.Google Scholar
  2. Arroyo, M. T. K., Primack, R., Armesto, J., 1982: Community studies in pollination ecology in the high temperate Andes of Central Chile. I. Pollination mechanisms and altitudinal variation. — Amer. J. Bot.69: 82–97.Google Scholar
  3. Buchmann, S. L., 1983: Buzz pollination in angiosperms. — InJones, C. E., Little, R. J., (Eds.): Handbook of experimental pollination biology, pp. 73–113. — New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.Google Scholar
  4. Burr, C. A., 1979: The pollination ecology ofSarracenia purpurea in Cranberry Bog, Weybridge, Vermont (Addison Co.). — M.Sc. thesis, Middlebury College, Middlebury, Vermont.Google Scholar
  5. Cruden, R. W., 1972: Pollinators in high-elevation ecosystems: Relative effectiveness of birds and bees. — Science176: 1439–1440.Google Scholar
  6. DeBuhr, L. E., 1973: Distribution and reproductive biology ofDarlingtonia californica. — M.Sc. thesis, Claremont Graduate School, Claremont, California.Google Scholar
  7. —, 1975: Phylogenetic relationships of theSarraceniaceae. — Taxon24: 297–306.Google Scholar
  8. Dodson, C. H., 1965: Agentes de polenización y su influencia sobre la evolución en la familia Orquidacea. — Univ. Nac. Amazonia Peruana, Inst. General de Investigaciones, Iquitos, Peru.Google Scholar
  9. Dunsterville, G. C. K., 1972: Some orchids of Brazil's highest highlands. — Bradea1: 89–121.Google Scholar
  10. Harris, J. A., 1909: The dehiscence of anthers by apical pores. — Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard.16: 167–257.Google Scholar
  11. Heinrich, B., 1972: Energetics of temperature regulation and foraging in a bumblebee,Bombus terricola Kirby. — J. Compar. Physiol.77: 49–64.Google Scholar
  12. Huber, O., Wurdack, J. J., 1984: History of botanical exploration in Territorio Federal Amazonas, Venezuela. — Smithsonian Contrib. Bot.56: 1–83.Google Scholar
  13. Maguire, B. & al., 1953: The botany of the Guayana Highland 1. — Mem. New York Bot. Gard.8: 87–160.Google Scholar
  14. —, 1955: Cerro de la Neblina, Amazonas, Venezuela: a newly discovered sandstone mountain. — Geogr. Review45: 27–51.Google Scholar
  15. —, 1970: On the flora of the Guayana Highland. — Biotropica2: 85–100.Google Scholar
  16. —, 1978:Sarraceniaceae. — InMaguire, B., (Ed.): The botany of the Guayana Highland 10. — Mem. New York Bot. Gard.29: 36–62.Google Scholar
  17. Mayr, E., Phelps, Jr., W. H., 1967: The origin of the bird fauna of the South Venezuelan highlands. — Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist.136: 269–328.Google Scholar
  18. Mandossian, A. J., 1965: Some aspects of the ecological life history ofSarracenia purpurea. — Doctoral Diss., Michigan State Univ., Michigan.Google Scholar
  19. Michener, C. D., 1962: An interesting method of pollen collecting by bees from flowers with tubular anthers. — Rev. Biol. Trop.10: 167–175.Google Scholar
  20. O'Neill, W., 1983: A preliminary report on the pollination of aSarracenia purpurea in a forest-swale ecotone. — Carniv. Plant Newsletter12: 60–74.Google Scholar
  21. Phelps, W. H., Phelps, W. H., Jr., 1965: Lista de las aves del Cerro de la Neblina, Venezuela y notas sobre su descubrimento y ascenso. — Bull. Soc. Venezolana Cien. Nat.26: 11–35.Google Scholar
  22. Pijl, L. van der, Dodson, C., 1966: Orchid flowers. Their pollination and evolution. — Coral Gables: Miami Univ. Press.Google Scholar
  23. Renner, S. S., 1984a: Phänologie, Blütenbiologie und Rekombinationssysteme einiger zentralamazonischer Melastomataceen. — Doctoral Diss. (Printed Copy), Hamburg Univ., Federal Republic of Germany.Google Scholar
  24. - 1984b: Pollination and breeding systems in some Central AmazonianMelastomataceae. — Proc. 5th Intern. Symp. Pollination, INRA publ., 175–280.Google Scholar
  25. Schnell, D., 1974: More about the sunshine pitchers. — Garden J.24: 146–147.Google Scholar
  26. —, 1983: Notes on the pollination ofSarracenia flava L. (Sarraceniaceae) in the Piedmont Province of North Carolina. — Rhodora85: 405–420.Google Scholar
  27. Snelling, R. R., 1988: A new species ofCentris (Melanocentris) from Cerro de la Neblina, Venezuela (Hymenoptera: Anthophoridae). — Entom. News99: 13–16.Google Scholar
  28. Steyermark, J. A., 1979: Flora of the Guayana Highland: endemicity of the generic flora of the summits of the Venezuela tepuis. — Taxon28: 45–54.Google Scholar
  29. —, 1984: Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana 1. — Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard.71: 297–340.Google Scholar
  30. Tate, G. H. H., 1931: Narrative of the expedition. — InGleason, H. A., (Ed.): Botanical results of the Tyler-Duida expedition. — Bull. Torrey Bot. Club58: 277–506.Google Scholar
  31. Vogel, S., 1958: Fledermausblumen in Südamerika. 2. — Österr. Bot. Zeitschr.104: 491–530.Google Scholar
  32. - 1969a: Flowers offering fatty oil instead of nectar. — Intern. Bot. Congress, Seattle, Abstracts 11, 229.Google Scholar
  33. —, 1969b: Chiropterophilie in der neotropischen Flora. 2. — Flora158: 185–222.Google Scholar
  34. —, 1974: Ölblumen und ölsammelnde Bienen. — InRauh, W., (Ed.): Tropische und subtropische Pflanzenwelt7, pp. 284–547. — Wiesbaden: Steiner.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susanne S. Renner
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of Botany, Smithsonian InstitutionNational Museum of Natural HistoryWashington, D.C.USA

Personalised recommendations