Advertisement

Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 159, Issue 3–4, pp 193–215 | Cite as

The cytogeographical distribution pattern ofAllium (Alliaceae) in the Greek Peninsula and Islands

  • Dimitris Tzanoudakis
  • Canio G. Vosa
Article

Abstract

Greece is considered as a secondary centre of evolution for the genusAllium since it possesses about 50% of the species known from the whole Flora Europaea area. In the present investigation 44 GreekAllium spp. have been studied and new chromosome counts are reported from 40 populations and 17 species. The distribution of the different cytotypes (x = 7, x = 8, x = 11 and 2n = 2x, 3x, 4x, 5x, 6x, 7x) in Greece is discussed. From the four phytogeographical subdivisions recognized, South continental Greece shows the greatest species and karyotype diversity. This phenomenon is probably due to the geographical position and to the geological history of this area which has received species and populations from different directions. Subsequently, hybridization apparently has been of evolutionary importance.

Key words

Angiosperms Alliaceae Allium Distribution historical phytogeography chromosome number evolution 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alden, B., 1976: Floristic reports from the high mountains of Pindos, Greece. — Bot. Notiser129: 297–321.Google Scholar
  2. Arends, J. C., Laan, F. M. van der, 1979: InLove, A., (Ed.): IOPB chromosome numbers reportsLXV. — Taxon28: 637.Google Scholar
  3. Bartolo, G., Brullo, S., Pavone, P., Terrasi, M., 1984: Cytotaxonomical notes on some “Liliaceae” of N. Cyrenaica. — Webbia38: 601–622.Google Scholar
  4. Bertolani-Marchetti, D., 1984: Some paleoclimatical and paleovegetational features of the Messinian in the Mediterranean on palynological basis. — Webbia38: 417–426.Google Scholar
  5. Bothmer, R. von, 1970: Cytological studies inAllium. I. Chromosome numbers and morphology in sect.Allium from Greece. — Bot. Notiser123: 518–550.Google Scholar
  6. —, 1974: Studies in the Aegean flora XXI. Biosystematic studies in theAllium ampeloprasum complex. — Opera Bot.34: 1–104.Google Scholar
  7. —, 1975: TheAllium ampeloprasum complex on Crete. — Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München12: 267–288.Google Scholar
  8. Creutzburg, W., 1963: Die palaeogeographische Entwicklung der Insel Kreta vom Miozän bis zur Gegenwart. — Kritika chronika15–16: 336–344 (in Greek with a summary in German).Google Scholar
  9. Fedorov, A. A., 1969: Chromosome numbers of flowering plants. cf. genusAllium, pp. 376–381. — Leningrad: Nauka.Google Scholar
  10. Garbari, F., Greuter, W., Miceli, P., 1979: TheAllium cupani group: a preliminary taxonomic, caryological and leaf anatomical study. — Webbia34: 459–480.Google Scholar
  11. Greuter, W., 1979: The origin and evolution of island floras as exemplified by the Aegean Archipelago. — InBramwell, D., (Ed.): Plants and islands, pp. 87–106. — London: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  12. —, 1985: Additions to the flora of Crete, 1973–1983 (1984) III. — Willdenowia15: 23–60.Google Scholar
  13. Gustavsson, L.-A., 1978: Floristic reports from the high mountains of Sterea Hellas (Greece) II. — Bot. Notiser131: 201–213.Google Scholar
  14. Johnson, M. A. T., 1982: Karyotypes of some Greek species ofAllium. — Ann. Musei Goulandris5: 107–119.Google Scholar
  15. Kollman, F., 1973: Karyology of some species ofAllium sect.Molium in Israel. — Israel J. Bot.22 (2): 92–112.Google Scholar
  16. —, 1984:Allium. — InDavis, P. H., (Ed.): Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands8. — Edinburgh: University Press.Google Scholar
  17. Miceli, P., Garbari, F., 1979: Chromosomi ed anatomia fogliare di quattroAllium diploidi di Grecia. — Atti Soc. Toscana Sci. Nat. Mem., Ser. B,86: 1–23.Google Scholar
  18. —, 1984: The genus “Allium” in Italy XIII. Morphological, caryological, and leaf anatomical study in some C-W Mediterranean triploid populations ofAllium trifoliatum Cyr. — Webbia38: 793–803.Google Scholar
  19. Moore, D. M., 1982: Flora Europaea, check-list and chromosome index. — London: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  20. Mossa, L., Scrugli, A., 1970: Osservazioni cariologiche inAllium chamaemoly L. — Morisia2: 53–62.Google Scholar
  21. Papanikolaou, K., Babalonas, D., Kokkini, S., 1983: Distribution patterns of some Greek mountain endemic plants in relation to geological substrate. — Flora174: 405–437.Google Scholar
  22. Pastor, J., 1982: Karyology ofAllium species from the Iberian Peninsula. — Phyton (Austria)22: 171–200.Google Scholar
  23. Phitos, D., Tzanoudakis, D., 1981: A new species ofAllium from Euboea (Greece). — Bot. Chronika1: 11–13.Google Scholar
  24. Runemark, H., 1971: The phytogeography of the Central Aegean. — InStrid, A., (Ed.): Evolution in the Aegean. — Opera Bot.30: 20–28.Google Scholar
  25. Stearn, W. T., 1978: European species ofAllium and allied genera ofAlliaceae: A synonymic enumaration. — Ann. Musei Goulandris4: 83–198.Google Scholar
  26. —, 1981: The genusAllium in the Balkan Peninsula. — Bot. Jahrb. Syst.102, 201–213.Google Scholar
  27. Strid, A., 1984: Distribution patterns and endemics in the Greek mountain Flora. — Norrlinia2: 55–61.Google Scholar
  28. —, 1981: InLove, A., (Ed.): IOPB chromosome numbers reports LXXIII. — Taxon30: 831.Google Scholar
  29. Turril, W. B., 1929: The plant-life of the Balkan Peninsula. A phytogeographical study. — Oxford.Google Scholar
  30. Tzanoudakis, D., 1982: A cytotaxonomic study of two Greek mountainous species ofAllium (sect.Molium). — Bot. Chronika2 (2): 143–152.Google Scholar
  31. —, 1983a: Karyotypes of ten taxa ofAllium sect.Scorodon from Greece. — Caryologia36 (3): 259–284.Google Scholar
  32. —, 1983b: New taxa ofAllium from Greece. — Candollea38: 317–323.Google Scholar
  33. - 1985: Cytological studies inAllium chamaemoly L. andA. ursinum L. 4th Symposium of the Hellenic Botanical Society, pp. 77–83. — Thessaloniki (in Greek, with a summary in English).Google Scholar
  34. —, 1986a: Chromosome studies in some species ofAllium sect.Allium in Greece. — Ann. Musei Goulandris7: 233–247.Google Scholar
  35. —, 1986b: Karyotype variation inAllium sect.Molium G. Don from Greece. — Caryologia39 (1): 69–88.Google Scholar
  36. —, 1986c: Chromosome studies in the Greek flora. II. Karyotypes of four Aegean endemics ofAllium sect.Codonoprasum (Liliaceae). — Willdenowia16 (1): 203–211.Google Scholar
  37. —, 1982: A cytogeographical study ofAllium circinatum Sieber. — Bot. Chronika2 (2): 152–158.Google Scholar
  38. Wilde-Duyfjes, B. E. E., 1976: A revision of the genusAllium (Liliaceae) in Africa. — Meded. Landbouwhogesch. Wageningen76 (11): 1–239.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dimitris Tzanoudakis
    • 1
  • Canio G. Vosa
    • 2
  1. 1.Botanical InstituteUniversity of PatrasPatrasGreece
  2. 2.Department of Plant SciencesUniversity of OxfordOxfordEngland

Personalised recommendations