Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 159, Issue 3–4, pp 193–215 | Cite as

The cytogeographical distribution pattern ofAllium (Alliaceae) in the Greek Peninsula and Islands

  • Dimitris Tzanoudakis
  • Canio G. Vosa


Greece is considered as a secondary centre of evolution for the genusAllium since it possesses about 50% of the species known from the whole Flora Europaea area. In the present investigation 44 GreekAllium spp. have been studied and new chromosome counts are reported from 40 populations and 17 species. The distribution of the different cytotypes (x = 7, x = 8, x = 11 and 2n = 2x, 3x, 4x, 5x, 6x, 7x) in Greece is discussed. From the four phytogeographical subdivisions recognized, South continental Greece shows the greatest species and karyotype diversity. This phenomenon is probably due to the geographical position and to the geological history of this area which has received species and populations from different directions. Subsequently, hybridization apparently has been of evolutionary importance.

Key words

Angiosperms Alliaceae Allium Distribution historical phytogeography chromosome number evolution 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dimitris Tzanoudakis
    • 1
  • Canio G. Vosa
    • 2
  1. 1.Botanical InstituteUniversity of PatrasPatrasGreece
  2. 2.Department of Plant SciencesUniversity of OxfordOxfordEngland

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