Springer Nature is making Coronavirus research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

The conversion of straw into feed by basidiomycetes

  • 121 Accesses

  • 96 Citations


  1. 1.

    The solid-state fermentation of straw byPleurotus cornucopiae, Pleurotus sp. Florida, Agrocybe aegerita, andStropbaria rugosoannulata at 22°, 25°, and 30°C during 0–120 days was examined.

  2. 2.

    During the first stage of fungal growth (saprophytic colonization), the quantity of water soluble substances, reducing sugars, and in vitro digestibility of the straw-fungal myeelium mixture decreased.

  3. 3.

    After 20 days, the amount of water soluble substances and reducing sugars increased. Temperature strongly influenced the rate of substrate decomposition, particularly with cultures ofPleurotus cornucopiae andStropharia rugosoannulata.

  4. 4.

    Of the fungal cultures examined,Pleurotus cornucopiae andStropharia rugosoannulata showed the highest rate of straw decomposition and released the greatest amount of metabolic energy from the straw.

  5. 5.

    The heat of combustion of decomposed substrate decreased due to increasing ash content and varying degree of metabolism of cellulose and lignin.

  6. 5.

    The in vitro digestibility of wheat straw was strongly influenced by incubation temperature and increased during fermentation byPleurotus species andStropharia rugosoannulata.

  7. 7.

    Agrocybe aegerita exhibited good properties for production of fruiting bodies, but this species was not satisfactory for the conversion of plant residues to feed.Stropharia rugosoannulata, however, increased the digestibility of straw by 31.6%.

  8. 8.

    Some technical possibilities for using fungi for upgrading waste straw to animal feed are discussed.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Baker, A.J. (1973). J. Anim. Sci.36, 768–771

  2. Beckmann, E. (1979). Gesamtsitzung des Kaiser Wilhelm Inst. für Chemie, Berlin-Dahlem, 275–285

  3. Beckmann, E. (1919). British Patent151, 229

  4. Donefer, E., Adeleye, O.A., Jones, T.A.O. (1969). Effect of Urea Supplementation on the Nutritive Value of NaOH-treated Oat straw. In: Advances in chemistry, G.J. Hajny, E.T. Reese, eds., series 95, Wash. D.C.: American Chem. Soc.

  5. Eger, G. (1965). Arch. Mikrobiol.50, 343–356

  6. Engels, O. (1948). Futterzellulose — ihre Gewinnung und Verwertung. Verlag für Chemische Industrie, Ziolkowski, Augsburg

  7. Faist, W.C., Baker, A.J., Tarkow, H. (1970). J. Anim. Sci.30, 832–835

  8. Falck, R. (1926). Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges.4, 652–664

  9. Falck, R. (1930). Forstarchiv6, 366–377

  10. Findlay, W.P.K. (1940). Annals of BotanyIV, 701–712

  11. Grinbergs, J. (1975). Personal Communication

  12. Han Young, W. (1974). Appl. Microbiol.29, 510–514

  13. Han Young, W., Anderson, A.W. (1975). Appl. Microbiol.30, 930–934

  14. Han Young, W., Callihan, C.D. (1974). Appl. Microbiol.27, 159–165

  15. Herzig, I., Dvořák, M., Věžnik, Z. (1968). Biol. Chem. Výž. Hospodářských Zviřat3, 249–253

  16. Knoche, W., Cruz-Koke, E., Pacotet, M. (1929). Zbl. Bakt. Parasitk. Infektk. II. Abt.79, 427–430

  17. Kühlwein, H. (1963). Zbl. Bakt. Parasitk. Hygiene II. Abt.116, 294–299

  18. Lindeberg, G. (1949). Arkiv Botanik33 A, 1–16

  19. Magnus, H. (1919). Theorie und Praxis der Strohaufschließung. Berlin: Paul Parey

  20. Millett, M.A., Baker, A.J., Satter, L.D. (1976). Physical and Chemical Pretreatments for Enhancing Cellulose Saccharification. In: Enzymatic Conversion of Cellulose Materials, Technology and Applications (E.L. Gaden, Jr., M.H. Mandels, E.T. Reese, L.A. Spano) Interscience Publication6, 125–153, New York, London, Sydney, Toronto: Wiley and Sons

  21. Mokras, L.C. (1954). J. Biol. Chemistry208, 55–59

  22. Phillippi, F. (1893). Hedwigia, 115–118

  23. Püschel, J. (1970). Deutsche Gärtnerpost 19, 21, 23, 25, 26

  24. Rohr, K. (1976). Personal Communication

  25. Rypáček, V. (1966). Biologie Holzzerstörender Pilze, Jena: G. Fischer

  26. Scháněl, L., Herzig, I., Dvořák, M., Věžnik, Z. (1966). Způsob využiti méně hodnotných druhů slámy ke krmným učelům, Zlepšovaci návrh ze dne 1.4. 1966, VUVL, Brno, ČSSR

  27. Tilley, J.M.A., Terry, R.A. (1963). British Grassland Soc.18, 104–111

  28. Wilson, R.K., Pidgen, W.J. (1964). Can. J. Anim. Sci.44, 122–123

  29. Zadražil, F. (1975). Z. Pflanzenern., Bodenkde. 263–278

  30. Zadražil, F. (1976). Z. Acker- u. Pflanzenbau142, 44–52

  31. Zadražil, F., Schliemann, J. (1975). Der Champignon163, 7–22

Download references

Author information

Additional information

To Prof. Dr. R. von Sengbusch on his 80th birthday

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Zadražil, F. The conversion of straw into feed by basidiomycetes. European J. Appl Microbiol. 4, 273–281 (1977).

Download citation


  • Fermentation
  • Lignin
  • Straw
  • Wheat Straw
  • Fruiting Body