International Ophthalmology

, Volume 18, Issue 6, pp 363–371 | Cite as

Casteldaccia eye study: prevalence of cataract in the adult and elderly population of a Mediterranean town

  • Giuseppe Giuffrè
  • Raimondo Giammanco
  • Francesco Di Pace
  • Francesco Ponte
Geographical Ophthalmology

Abstract

Prevalence of cataract was studied in a population based survey performed in adults aged 40 years or more living in Casteldaccia, a small Sicilian town. Lens opacities of moderate or severe grade (type II or worse, according to the Lens Opacity Classification System II) were found at the following rates: nuclear opalescence in 18.5%, cortical cataract in 12.9%, posterior subcapsular cataract in 10.8%. All these types of cataract were much more frequent in the elderly population and were about 1.5 times more common in women than in men. Late cataract was found in about 1/3 of subjects aged 60 to 69 years, in 2/3 of subjects aged 70 or more, but rarely under 60 years of age. However, early cataract was rather common among younger subjects. Cataracts causing a reduction of visual acuity under 0.7 in the worst eye were found in 4%, 8.7% and 21.5% respectively in the three age groups ranging from 40 to 49, 50 to 59 and 60 to 69 years and in 54.4% of subjects 70 years old or over.

Key words

cataract epidemiology elderly Sicily 

References

  1. 1.
    National Center for Health Statistics. Plan and operation of the Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, U.S. 1971–1973. Vital Health Stat 1973; 1: 1–46.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Leibowitz HM, Krueger DE, Maunder LR, Milton RC, Kini MM, Kahn HA, Nickerson RJ, Pool J, Colton TL, Ganley JP, Loewenstein JI, Dawber TR. The Framingham eye study monograph. An ophthalmological and epidemiological study of cataract, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, macular degeneration, and visual acuity in a general population of 2631 adults, 1973–1975. Surv Ophthalmol 1980; 24 (Suppl): 335–610.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Adamson I, Munoz B, Enger C, Taylor HR. Prevalence of lens opacities in surgical and general populations. Arch Ophthalmol 1991; 109: 993–7.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Klein BEK, Klein R, Linton KLP. Prevalence of age-related lens opacities in a population. The Beaver Dam eye study. Ophthalmology 1992; 99: 546–52.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Chattarjee A, Milton RC, Thyle S. Prevalence and aetiology of cataract in Punjab. Br J Ophthalmol 1982; 66: 35–42.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hu T-S, Zhen Q, Sperduto RD, Zhao J-L, Milton RC, Nakajima A, Tibet Eye Study Group. Age-related cataract in the Tibet eye study. Arch Ophthalmol 1989; 107: 666–9.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Mohan M, Sperduto RD, Angra SK, Milton RC, Mathur RL, Underwood BA, Jaffery N, Pandya CB, Chhabra VK, Vajpayee RB, Kalra VK, Sharma YR, India-US case-control study group. India-US case-control study of age-related cataracts. Arch Ophthalmol 1989; 107: 670–6.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Cedrone C, Galli MG, Stocchi D, Cesareo M, Cerulli L. The ophthalmological observatory in Ponza island. Preliminary report on cataract prevalence. In: Ponte F (ed) Basic and clinical aspects of cataract. STASS, 1988, Palermo, pp 385–94.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ponte F, Giuffrè G, Ridola E, Faranda F, Di Pace F, Lacagnina T, Scimonelli E. Indagine epidemiologica oculare di Casteldaccia. Organizzazione dello studio e procedurad'esame. Boll Ocul 1992; 71: 931–6.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ponte F, Giuffrè G, Giammanco R, Palumbo C, Oddo G, Messina M, Giuliano S. Indagine epidemiologica oculare di Casteldaccia. Presentazione della scheda di rilevamento dati. Boll Ocul 1992; 71: 937–48.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Van Herick W, Shaffer RN, Schwartz A. Estimation of width of angle of anterior chamber. Incidence and significance of the narrow angle. Am J Ophthalmol 1969; 68: 626–9.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Chylack LT Jr, Leske MC, McCarthy D, Kho P, Kashiwagi T, Sperduto R. Lens opacities classification system II (LOCS II). Arch Ophthalmol 1989; 107: 991–7.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Maraini G, Pasquini P, Tomba MC, Bonacini M, Stazi MA, Rosmini F, Sperduto R, The Italian-American cataract study group. An independent evaluation of the lens opacities classification system II (LOCS II). Ophthalmology 1989; 96: 611–5.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Sparrow JM. Methods of clinical cataract grading. Two systems compared. Arch Ophthalmol 1990; 108: 1209.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Brown N, Bron A, Ayliffe W, Sparrow J, Hill AR. The objective assessment of cataract. Eye 1987; 1: 234–6.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Sasaki K, Shibata T, Obazawa H, Fujiwara T, Kogure F, Obara Y, Itoi M, Katou K, Akiyama K, Okuyama S. Classification system for cataracts. Application by the Japanese cooperative cataract epidemiology study group. Ophthalmic Res 1990; 22 (Suppl 1): 46–50.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Giuseppe Giuffrè
    • 1
  • Raimondo Giammanco
    • 1
  • Francesco Di Pace
    • 1
  • Francesco Ponte
    • 1
  1. 1.Istitutodi Clinica OculisticaUniversitá di PalermoPalermoItaly

Personalised recommendations