Origins of life

, Volume 8, Issue 2, pp 169–171 | Cite as

Anaerobic respiration and photoautotrophy in the evolution of prokaryotes

Reply to E. Broda
  • Fujio Egami


Anaerobic respiration preceded photosynthesis. Chemoautotrophy, photoautotrophy, and oxygen respiration were induced directly or indirectly from anaerobic respiration.


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Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fujio Egami
    • 1
  1. 1.Mitsubishi-Kasei Institute of Life SciencesMachida-shi, TokyoJapan

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