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Origins of life

, Volume 5, Issue 1–2, pp 201–205 | Cite as

Coacervate systems and origin of life

  • T. N. Evreinova
  • T. W. Mamontova
  • V. N. Karnauhov
  • S. B. Stephanov
  • U. R. Hrust
Part III/Primordial Organic Chemistry

Abstract

Hydrophilic coacervate systems consist of coacervate drops (0.5–640μ in diameter) and liquid. The most molecules are cooperated into the drops. Defects of such systems and drops are instability. Stable protein-nucleic-acid carbol-hydrate drops are studied. Enzymatical oxidized reactions were fulfield by the peroxidase (1.11.1.7) and the polyphenoloxidase (1.10.3.1) and its substrates (phenol and other ones) in coacervate systems. The drops are getting stable by the oxidized compounds quinones and others. The quinone content of individual drops (more than 5000 dorps) was found by means scaning Cytospectrophotometer SIM. The limit of analysis 1×10−13–10−14g, the errors 3% of the value found. The mathematical equations of the dependence both the size of drops and the content of oxidized compounds were calculated. The structure of stable drops was investigated in electronic microscope. The drops bound one to other by means bridges or hills, and formed colonia. We proposed that different stability of drops, especially stable ones, and colonia are interesting phenomena for the Origin of Life.

Keywords

Electronic Microscope Phenol Organic Chemistry Geochemistry Quinone 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

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Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. N. Evreinova
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • T. W. Mamontova
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • V. N. Karnauhov
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • S. B. Stephanov
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • U. R. Hrust
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Biological Faculty, Dept. of Plant BiochemistryMoscow University LomonosovMoscowU.S.S.R.
  2. 2.Dept. of CytologyAcademy of Sciences of U.S.S.R.MoscowU.S.S.R.
  3. 3.Biophysical InstituteAcademy of Sciences of U.S.S.R.MoscowU.S.S.R.

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